Ingenieur Vol. 75 ingenieur July 2018-FA - Page 13

and blockchain. Within the energy sector, the new digital technologies that will accelerate the energy transition are blockchain technology and the IoT. There are many possible applications in RE such as energy trading among prosumers, energy trading on the wholesale market, carbon trading, establishing a demand response market, creating a platform for a transactive grid to operate in an energy balancing market, grid balancing between the transmission system operators (TSOs) and distribution system operators (DSOs), micro-grid management (remote electricity) and others. End Remarks Climate change is a wake-up call for mankind to be better custodians of planet earth. For an ordinary citizen, he/she should learn to preserve precious resources (e.g. water, food, energy). There are pragmatic measures that can be taken at home to conserve the use of such scarce resources. The Government is responsible to educate the public about climate change and its impact. Once the public is aware of its consequences, there will be sufficient vox pop to sustain a culture that will promote the greater deployment of renewable energy instead of coal and gas. If we want future generations to survive, we have to act now. The window for climate turnaround is projected to be no more than 15 years. Today, our total carbon emissions per year is estimated to be 40,000 billion tonnes globally. By 2050, we need to reduce that to not more than 600 billion tonnes in order for global average temperature increase to be capped at no more than 2°C. In fact, some scientists have concluded that our earth needs to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. Time is clearly not on our side. Besides unsustainable deforestation and land use, fossil fuel burning activities are the primary cause of global warming. Especially within the energy sector, we must be mindful to learn our lessons that the future of energy must no longer put human lives at risk. The future of energy is in sustainable energy, comprising of both renewable energy and energy demand management. For Malaysia, the future is here. 11