Ingenieur Vol. 74 Ingenieur Vol 72, April-June 2018 - Page 80

INGENIEUR booming and mass transit solutions are needed on all continents. However, the development of conventional public transport networks and services must be integrated into a new landscape of shared mobility. In developed economies, there is growing recognition of the benefits of public transport compared to private motorised mobility. Car ownership and use is being progressively challenged as the dominant mode of transport in cities, notably due to the increased use of new communication technologies. However, these very technologies may allow cars to play a totally new role in urban mobility in the future and they may even blur current differences between public and private, or collective and individual mobility. INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION OF STANDARDISATION (ISO) The pace of global transport and logistics is non- stop. A lot is happening throughout the industry, with contemporary concerns and challenges emerging every day. So what are the big issues to watch out for? The issues look at the main environmental, economic and technological trends driving the future of mobility and present standard solutions for a cleaner, safer and more reliable/efficient transportation system. Shaping the Future of Transportation The logistics sector plays a crucial role in maintaining and improving trade flows between the world’s economies. But technology is changing every aspect of how logistics companies operate. So with growing pressure to deliver better service at an ever lower cost, the race is on to define the industry’s future. Intelligent Supply Chain Rules the World Global freight transport is a key component in the trade of goods and materials, but new demands on transport networks are creating fresh challenges for data. Transport companies are endeavouring to meet those new demands, but are they successful? Discover how an adaptive, 6 78 VOL 2018 VOL 74 55 APRIL-JUNE JUNE 2013 intelligent supply chain – built around standards – accelerates innovation and drives change. Building China’s Silk Road China has become a leading centre of maritime activity. As its industry revives trade routes across the seas, it looks to International Standards to promote ship technology development along the country’s Silk Road, which will lead to a new era of maritime co-operation. Notable developments have also been achieved in maritime equipment for renewable resource exploitation, equipment for seawater desalination and management, oceanographic observation and marine biological development, to name but a few. Looking ahead, the market for marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships is expected to expand further in response to forthcoming developments in the sector, including: • Opening of the polar channel, • Increasing demand for resource exploitation in the Arctic region and sea, • New economic growth based on emerging sectors such as marine food and energy and marine mining, • Stricter requirements for maritime safety and environmental protection, and • The urgent need to protect maritime rights and interests. It is estimated that by 2020, the potential market for marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships will increase by up to US$ 170 billion, totalling US$ 260 billion by 2025. Given such opportunities, it is crucial for China’s shipbuilding industry to set up a standards and specification system for new manufacturing technologies, to make a leap forward in development. Greening the Deep Blue Over the past few years, the tides of the maritime industry have been changing. There is a push for safer, smarter, more environment- friendly and energy-efficient sea transport. What no one expected is that these actions are not only bringing economic benefits, they are also leading to the servitisation of the ship building industry.