Ingenieur Vol. 74 Ingenieur Vol 72, April-June 2018 - Page 67

Checking water pump and pressure gauge in a building of maintenance required, the extent of damage, the repair methods to be implemented effectively and ensures that sufficient budget is provided. Furthermore, BCA provides a diagnostic tool for solving building problems whiich are then referred to the Expert Forensic Structure Branch and Civil, Mechanical and Electrical in PWD for proposed repair methods. Secondly, another innovative product is the Guidelines for Asset Maintenance Performance Level (TPPA). These guidelines were developed to guide to all Government agencies in determining the current status of their asset maintenance performance and the standards to be achieved. TPPA consists of measuring the performance of maintenance practices for the purpose of identifying actual levels of performance that have been achieved. Thirdly, the guidelines for Life Cycle Cost (LCC) of an asset were produced on November 7, 2012, with the purpose of explaining the LCC method of calculating the cost of new buildings and infrastructure for new projects and existing assets that are managed by the Government. The LCC approach is used in the decision-making process related to the asset cost and project management. LCC is a systematic method to calculate the total of acquisition costs and total cost of ownership over the asset life cycle. LCC is one of the management tools supporting TAM strategy. LCC takes into account the costs involved in planning, design, procurement, construction, commissioning, acceptance, operation and maintenance, evaluation, renovation and upgrades and disposal. The LCC calculation method is indispensable in value management (VM) and in the Accrual Accounting System. This was the main reason the guidelines were distributed to all PWD departments, but its use can be extended to other Government agencies. The benefits of using LCC in project implementation and asset and facilities management is the optimisation of costs, cost- effectiveness, high return on investment and value for money. DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES Dynamic capabilities can be explained as the ability of an organisation to develop, integrate, and reconfigure internal and external competencies to sustain a competitive advantage 65