Ingenieur Vol. 74 Ingenieur Vol 72, April-June 2018 - Page 22

INGENIEUR topic in recent years. According to the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) International [2], AVs can be classified into six autonomy levels; level 0 (no automation), level 1 (drive assistance – “hands-on”), level 2 (partial automation – “hands- off”), level 3 (conditional automation – “eyes off”), level 4 (high automation – “mind off”), and level 5 (full automation – “steering wheel optional”). In fact, most luxury vehicles nowadays are already equipped with SAE level 1 systems; in which both the driver and an automated system share control of the vehicle i.e. DAS. For instance, Lane Keep Assist (LKA) requires the driver to control the accelerator pedal as the vehicle automatically controls its position within designated lanes. Safe System Approach, recognized as one of the best practices in road safety improvement, has played a major role in encouraging the emergence of DAS into the automotive markets. This approach revolves around the human being 䁅յѡЁյɽ́ɔչٽ)Q̰qɝ٥tٕ̃Lѡ́ѕЁ́L(ɔѼɔѡЁх́Ё)ѼɅ͠ȁɅ́͠ȰЁ́Յѕ)ɽͼѡЁЁݥЁ͔͕ɥ́ȁх))%ѥѼѡаѡɔɔͼѥѥٕ)䁍յȵ͕ɽɅ́ɥ)ѡЁLѕ́хɐȁЁ+qѥtɕ̸ٕ́MٕɅ9܁ )͕͵ЁAɽɅ̀9 A̤Ցѡ)9܁ ȁ͕͵ЁAɽɅMѡ)ͥ չɥ̀M89 @ٔՑ)́LѡȁɅѥѕ́ɑȁѼ)Ʌՙɕ́Ѽٽչхɥ䁕եѡ)ٕ́ݥѠѡ͔ѕ́Ёɑ)ɥ̸ݥȁɕѕ)ͥɕ́ѡ͔ȁѥ䁥)̰ѡɅєѼɅ)ٕٕ́Յ䁉م)܁̸) х9 Áɥɥѥ锁䁑ɕ)ݕххLѕ́ѡȁɅѥ)ѕ̰ͥՅѥ́Ʌͅ(䁙ɕՕЁɅ͠Ʌѥѡ)ɕѥٔչɥ́ȁɕ̸ȁᅵɼ)9 @Ʌ́ѡѵЁəɵ)ѽ́ɝ Ʌѕ)ȁѡɽѕѥɥ̰́ѡյ(()Y=0()Y=0(ԁAI%0)U9))U9)ɥхѥ́ѡȁɕٕ́䁡)ɕݥѠѡȁɽ̸͕́ЁM8)9 @ͥɅѕɽ̰͡ݸɔ(İɥɥ䁥ٕ́ѼɅ͠ٽѕ)хɐ͕ȁٕ́ѼɕՍ)ͥݥѠѽɍ危)QIM89 @Aɽѥ)ɥٕȁͥхMѕ)MхѥܰM89 @ɕمѡ)ՅɅѥɽѼͥɅѥѕ)ٕɥѡɕձЁ=)Aɽѕѥ =ЁAɽѕѥ)MͥиQ܁ͥM)ͥЁɥѕ̀ԔѡٕɅɅѥ)ͥѡ́ѥٔ Ʌ)ٽ MщЁÌM I̤) MЁQ䀡 MPمM)ͥЁQ̀MQ̤)ɔăLM89 @MMɅѕ)ɽ