Ingenieur Vol. 74 Ingenieur Vol 72, April-June 2018 - Page 21

By Driver Assistance Systems: Paving the Way to Self-Driving Vehicles Ir. Mohd Hafzi Md Isa, Muhammad Syukri Abdul Khalid, Ir. Mohd Rasid Osman, Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (MIROS) A s the world’s population continues to expand, the need for reliable vehicles, which are convenient, cost-effective, safe and environmentally sustainable, is increasing. In recent years, there are encouraging signs of manufacturers deploying innovative and advanced technologies in the form of driver assistance systems (DAS) which can be categorized into driver and vehicle support systems. Although the development and introduction of these systems was originally instigated to improve road safety, there are also systems that are capable of increasing road capacity and lessening the environmental impact of traffic [1]. The classification of DAS is further elaborated in Table 1. In line with the emergence of DAS, the autonomous vehicle (AV) has become a hot Table 1 – Classification of driver assistance systems [1] Type Driver support system Domain Driver information Driver perception Driver convenience Driver monitoring Vehicle support system General vehicle control Longitudinal and lateral control Collision avoidance Vehicle monitoring Function Navigation routing, integrated navigation, real- time trraffic and traveller information Vision enhancement, electronic mirror, parking and reversing aid, state of the road surface systems Driver identification, hands-free and remote control, automated transactions Driver vigilance monitoring, driver health monitoring Automatic stop and go, platooning Speed control, adaptive cruise control, road and lane departure collision avoidance, lane change and merge collision avoidance Rear-end collision avoidance, obstacle and pedestrian detection, intersection collision warning Tachograph, alerting systems, vehicle diagnostics 19