Economic population activity and the job market - Page 26

26 CONCLUSION On the whole, the situation as regards unemployment in the Russian Federation and regions remains highly stable despite crisis state of economy. With small seasonal peaks which are falling on the first quarter and last quarter of a year. But it is the federal districts where the economic downturn and the industrial slump affect labour market very negatively: the North-Caucasus and Siberian. Precisely in these federal districts an unemployment rate is the highest in the country: in the Q4 2015 11,5 % and 8,5 % respectively.  A rate of participation in labor force as well also favorably   behaves, showing slight, but smooth and steady increase   from year to year.  Dynamics of an employee retirement for various reasons and the number of vacant seats (we considered a period first – third quarters of 2015) not so optimistic. On the whole, the trend demonstrates the highly stable number of opened vacancies, whereas the number of the dismissed and reduced ones is showing stable growth of from a quarter on a quarter.  All federal districts number dismissed by different reasons   two and more times excess (for the own desire,   an agreement of the parties in the relation to reduction)   of the number of vacant seats.  Partly it can be linked to the methodology of calculation of a retirement, as well as of the number of vacancies, but nevertheless such a difference seems suspicious for us. That the amount of employees, an organization before which has overdue back pay notwithstanding over the 2015 period of all it remained highly stable, of if sometimes peak significance was accepted in some federal districts. But where does the number of employees before which exist among the clear leaders debt, minimum, such that for December 2015 in which this rate rose of the North-Caucasus and Ural federal districts – present are those regions as well – significantly: the Siberian and North-Western.  Schedules of distribution of employees to wage rates   and ratio amounts more and are paid least little   the employees testify to strong stratification   of economically active population of the country.  48,8% of workers in Russia earn from 10 600 to 30 000 i a month and in Moscow of such workers – already 22,1 %. If the regions not so explicitly differ in a share of employees receiving more than 10 600 i, across level of up to 10 600 i the fluctuations from a district to a district are very contrasty. Generalizing, we find a situation emerging in the labour market in the Russian Federation not so pessimistic as one would be to expect during analysis of crisis phenomena. Already by the end of 2015 some trends have begun to slow down top-down dynamics and, on the contrary, some were transferred to slight recovery growth. We do not forecast strong negative dynamics in the future in the absence of foreign policy shocks, but sooner can state smooth restoration with the subsequent reinforcement of bottom-up dynamics. Above all not only not to sequester, in our view, more the resources which the state and business channel on resolution of various extensive personnel problems improve consideration of these issues quantitatively and qualitatively.