IGNIS Winter 2017-2018 - Page 10

IGNIS Young Reporter Iceland is well known for its stunning waterfalls (formed from hard rock being undercut through the erosion of lower layers of soft rock). These include the Gullfoss Waterfall which is fed by Iceland’s second largest glacier; Seljandsfoss waterfall (‘foss’ being the Icelandic word for waterfall) and Skgafoss waterfall. Gulfoss Waterfall plunges 32m into a rugged canyon in two stages and has walls that reach up to 70m in height. There are many other stunning waterfalls of varying sizes that can be seen throughout Iceland and these are just the three that we saw on our trip. which is lively with geothermal activity, leading to a build-up of pressure which eventually erupts. Hot springs are simply water heated through geothermal energy. www.youtube.com/watch?v=GjOq2zYi3os Another place to visit is the village of Vík in southern Iceland that is a remote coastal village. On the beach, you can see the basalt columns which are formed from cool lava. These are very similar looking to the Giant’s Causeway in Northern Ireland. Be careful though as the birds are vicious – many tourists climb the columns but particularly nasty birds live on the columns and poo fish oil on you (according to our guide!). Strokkur geyser geothermal area and hot springs is on the mid-Atlantic Ridge’s western volcanic zone and the bedrock one kilometre below the site is at 240°C. Strokkur geyser is famous for water and steam erupting every few minutes to heights of over 20m. Geysers erupt because groundwater hits the hot bedrock 10 IGNIS