IDEAS Insights Vietnam's emergent social enterprise sector - Page 11

[1] See: https://e-mmerze.com/vietnam-social-enterprise-immersion-program/ [2] Nguyễn Đình Cung et al., Social Enterprise in Vietnam: Concept, Context and Policies (British Council Vietnam, 2012). See: https://www.britishcouncil.vn/sites/default/files/social-enterprise-in-vietnam- concept-context-policies.pdf (p. 24) [3] W. Robert de Jongh, Are Social Enterprises the Inclusive Businesses of tomorrow: A Development Bank’s Perspective (Asian Development Bank, 2013). See: http://www.inclusivebusinesshub.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/SE-as-IBs-of- the-future-2-2-for-web-2.pdf (p. 15) [4] Cung et al., Social Enterprise in Vietnam, p. XII [5] Cung et al., p. 58 [6] The ‘Doi Moi’ was initiated at the 6 th National Congress of the People’s Republic of Vietnam, in response to an inflation rate above 700 percent, a ballooning trade deficit and – critically – the death of Part Secretary Le Duan. [7] Cung et al., p. 20 [8] The decrees in question are Decree No.71/1998/ND-CP, and Decree 148/2007/ND-CP. [9] The legislation referred to is Enterprise Law No.68/2014/QH13. [10] For the Law on Enterprises, see: http://www.hcmiu.edu.vn/Portals/1/Docs/vanbanphapluat/english/68-2014-QH13- Luat%20Doanh%20nghiep.pdf (p. 8) [11] An introduction to CICs is provided here: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/62 6088/cic-12-1333-community-interest-companies-guidance-chapter-1- introduction.pdf [12] Thang V. Pham et al., Social Enterprise in Vietnam (Centre for Development Studies, Vietnam, 2016). See: https://www.iap- socent.be/sites/default/files/Vietnam%20-%20Pham%20et%20al.pdf (p. 9) [13] Ibid, p. 4 9