The main objectives were: The follow-up workshop resulted, at least in some - To identify well-defined and manageable areas, in well defined, focused and manageable research projects for implementation over the projects, as was intended. Most breakout groups next five to ten years. developed a set of general recommendations for - To take into account research gaps identified in the ICARP II process and fundamental Arctic sci- the ICARP II Working Groups´ science plans. ence questions were identified. The outcome of the - To take into account cross-cutting concerns of follow-up workshop was valuable input to the IASC other ICARP II Working Groups and the workshop restructuring process and input into the IPY process. breakout groups. - To take into account input from sponsoring References organizations and other major contributors to Arctic research (such as IPY and other inter national programs) and priorities outlined within each WG science plan. - To take into account the critical infrastructure needed for its implementation and ‘show stoppers,’ if there are any. - To take into account recommendations from the ICARP II conference. Based on ICARP II Working Groups or Science Plans, workshop themes were identified and members contributing to each thematic area met concurrently in ‘thematic sessions’ or Breakout Groups. The following Breakout Groups were established: (1) Marine System with participation of WG on Deep Central Basin of the Arctic Ocean, Arctic Ocean Gateways and Arctic Shelf Seas. (2) Terrestrial System with participation of WG on Arctic Coastal Processes, Terrestrial and Freshwater Biosphere and Biodiversity and Contaminants. (3) Cryo sphere System with participation of WG on Terrestrial Cryosphere and Hydrological Processes and System and Modeling and Predicting Arctic Weather and Climate and the Permafrost Forum. (4) Social System with participation of WG on Sustainable Development: Arctic economies, Indigenous People in the Arctic and Rapid Change, resilience, and vulnerability. The last and very important Breakout Group was: (5) Education and Outreach with participation of WG on Arctic Science in the Public Interest. 54 00 02 IASC Initiatives 06 Appendices 1 IASC (2005). ICARP II Conference Statement. 2 Bowden, S., C. Corell, S. Hassol, and C. Simon, eds. (2007). Arctic Research: A Global Responsibility. Canada: McCallum Printing Group.