Admittance of the Science Organizations of Six Non-Arctic Countries well as in non-Arctic countries all over the northern Now the founding articles were signed by the rep- ty-two countries are full members of IASC. After resentatives of the national scientific organizations twenty-five years, IASC is flourishing as never be- in the Arctic countries and the first regular Council fore thanks to collaboration of the science organi- meeting of IASC could take place. It was planned for zations in Arctic and non-Arctic countries. hemisphere. Today, science organizations in twen- Oslo, Norway in early 1991 and actually took place on 21-23 January 1991. A diplomat of the Dutch embassy in Oslo had an informative talk with Odd Rogne and asked him what the science organization References in the Netherlands should do to become a member of IASC. Rogne answered: “First of all no demarches anymore; those were, for some of the eight Arctic countries, the wrong signals at the wrong moments and a wrong psychology! Let the national scientific 1 Purchas, S. (1625). Hakluytus Postuhum or Purchas his Pilgrims. Vol. III, London; S.P. l”Honoré Naber, 1914. Reizen van Jan Huygen van Linschoten naar het Noorden 1594-1595. Linschoten Vereeniging Dl VIII. Den Haag; S.P. l”Honoré Naber, 1917, Reizen van Willem Barents, Ja- organization submit an application for membership cob van Heemskerck en anderen naar het Noorden 1594- before November 15.” As a science organization in 1597. Linschoten Vereeniging Dln XIV en XV. Den Haag. the Netherlands interested in Arctic research, the 2 Netherlands Marine Research Foundation of the White, ed., 1850: Documents on Spitzbergen and Green- Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences sent an applica- land. Hakluyt Society. New York: Burt Franklin Publisher. tion for membership to the secretariat of IASC with 3 Martens, F. (1671). ‘A voyage to Spitzbergen,’ in A. Zorgdrager, C.G. (1720,1727). Bloeyende Opkomst der a report of recent Dutch Arctic scientific research Aluode en Hedendaagsche Groenlandsche Visschery, etc. activities.29 Den Haag. 4 In the report of the first regular IASC Council meeting on 21-23 January 1991 under agenda 3.2 Ap- Scoresby, W. Jr. (1820). An Account of the Arctic Re- gions, with a History and Description of the Northern Whale Fishery. Edinburgh: Archibald Constable; London: plications for membership of the IASC Council: the Hurst, Robinson and Co. science organizations of France, the Federal Repub- 5 Haan, L.F. (1720). Beschrijving van de Straat Davids etc lic of Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland and Amsterdam; H.Egede, 1746, Beschrijving van Oud-Groen- the UK were admitted as full members of IASC after land, Of eigentlyk van de zoogenaamde Straat Davis a brief discussion of Council. Admittance of these etc. Delft; J. Anderson, 1756, Beschryving van IJsland, organizations was based on an application in accor- Groenland en de Straat Davis etc. Amsterdam; D. Cranz, dance with the founding articles, significant arctic 1765-1770, Historie von Grönland enthaltend die Besch- research and naming the appropriate national scientific body having an interest in arctic scientific research. The report of the meeting states: The IASC Council henceforth comprises fourteen members, all of whom took part in all subsequent activities.30 reibung des Landes und der Einwohner etc. Leipzig. 6 Globes or Maps of Ptolemeus 1475, Martin Behaim 1492, Johan Ruysch 1508, Gerard Mercator, 1569, Abraham Ortelius, 1570, Sigurdur Stefansson, 1590, Petrus Plancius 1594, Cornelisz Claesz 1594, Jodocus Hondius 1594, Willem Barentsz 1598, Hessel Gerritsz 1613, Joris Carolus 1614, Thomas Edge 1625, Willem Jansz Blaeu And, indeed, the representatives of the science 1714 and Johannes van Keulen 1728. ly served IASC in all positions – as president, vice 7 president, chair and vice chair of working groups, ‘The International Polar Year 1882-1883,’ pp. 7-33 in Su- and as project leaders. The IASC Council meetings san Barr & Cornelia Lüdecke, eds., The History of the In- – after 1999 held as part of the Arctic Science Sum- ternational Polar Years (IPYs). Berlin, Heidelberg: Spring- mit Week (ASSW) – were also organized in Arctic as 25 1628, Joannes Blaeu 1662, Gerard van Keulen 1707- organizations of non-Arctic countries subsequent- er-Verlag. 01 Development of IASC Tammiksaar, E., N.G. Sukhova and C. Lüdecke (2010).