IASC 25 years - Page 107

terms of scientific understanding of the Arctic and Arctic Peoples in terms of making the public aware of the changing The involvement of Arctic peoples was increas- Arctic. ingly talked about, and explicitly mentioned in the communiqué from the Gorbachev-Reagan Summit This governmental cooperation had, in turn, an im- Meeting (Reykjavik 1988). Scientists associated pact on IASC, as tasks initially intended for the IASC with IASSA were undertaking some studies, where- Regional Board were assumed by national govern- as IASC increased the number of human and social mental agencies working cooperatively under the science projects, including the involvement of indig- AEPS and later the Arctic Council. This caused a enous peoples. This involvement developed further separation between scientific and environmental in IASC initiatives such as ASSW, ICARP II and ICARP research but it also, though IASC, engaged Arctic III, SAON etc. IASC´s cooperation with the Sustain- scientists in the work of the Arctic Council. able Development WG (SDWG) of the Arctic Council and its contribution to the AHDR I and II and the Arctic versus non-Arctic countries ARR should also be mentioned in this context. Later, From the very beginning, the IASC planning group the formation of the IASC Social and Human Scienc- had invited all potentially qualified participants es WG and partnerships with IASSA and UArctic re- to join, but at the same time it needed to find an sulted in even more interactions with Arctic peoples. agreeable organizational structure as well as criteria for qualification. Some non-Arctic countries have A similar development occurred in the pan-Arctic a much longer research tradition in the Arctic than governmental cooperation during AEPS and its suc- Arctic countries and have large collections of sci- cessor, the Arctic Council. entific data and information stored in archives and databases. The research foci for Arctic and non-Arctic countries may differ but they overlap, especially on global science (such as global warming), which by O r a n Yo u n g then offers excellent opportunities for cooperative projects and programs. At the first IASC Council Meeting (1991), five non-Arctic countries became IASC members; today, 14 non-Arctic countries are members. There is a difference in the research agendas of the two categories of countries, however. Arctic countries have direct needs for data and information to manage their Arctic areas (ecosystem management, human health, resources, etc.), whereas non-Arctic countries focus their Arctic research on global issues (although scientists from Arctic countries do so as well). Both agendas reflect the interest of the societies they come from and that fund them. It should be mentioned that some non-Arctic countries have larger Arctic research programs than some of the Arctic countries. IASC brings in the science from all countries and thus provides additional benefit to the work of the Arctic Council. 106 Appendices 00 06 The IASC Evolution and Lessons Learned Building strong and enduring partnerships «If you want a lasting contribution to a particular area of research and especially if doing so involves field research on an ongoing or multiyear basis, it is hel