Hooo-Hooo Volume 11 Nr 2 - Page 14

WildLife Group of the SAVA Standard operating procedure - Clinical Examination of Pangolins Purpose The aim of the SOP is to have a user-friendly document available to clinical veterinarians, nurses, lab technologists and Biobank samplers for the examination of pangolins for health checks. The Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act No 19 of 1982 as amended, is law that is passed/ approved by parliament and put into operation by the President by publication in the Government Gazette. The Act makes provision for delegated law in the form of Rules and Regulations, which are published in the Government Gazette in terms of the Act. Scope The standard procedure outlines the procedures to be followed for proper clinical examination and treatment and medical record keeping on pangolins and outlines the functions of the veterinary staff. SOP - Clinical Examination of Pangolins Clinical Examinations and Treatments of Pangolins Confiscated pangolins are wild animals that have been kept in captivity illegally for some time and usually in very unfavourable conditions. These animals are severely stressed, hungry and dehydrated. The animal’s general health may be compromised making it not suitable for immediate release into the wild. During the clinical examination, it is therefore essential to keep stress levels down such as loud noises, rough handling, jolting of the container, loud talking and laughter. On arrival the pangolin must be weighed. Health Assessment. • References • • • • • • • 14 Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, No 19 of 1982, Regulations and Rules. Animal Diseases Act, 1984 (Act No 35 of 1984) Animal Protection Act, 1962 (Act No 71 of 1962) Fertilisers, Farm Feeds, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act, 1947 (Act No 36 of 1947) Medicines and Related Substances Control Act, 1965 (Act No 101 of 1965) Public Health Amendment Act, 1971 (Act 42 of 1971) SANS 10379: 2005 Zoo and aquarium practice. • • • • • Visually observe the animal, some may walk around making it easier to detect defects while others remain curled up. Anaesthesia may be induced using Isoflurane and a mask positioned near the snout of the pangolin if it is curled up. Once relaxed the snout may be inserted into the mask to maintain anaesthesia at 3% and oxygen flow rate of 1-2L per minute. Once the pangolin is anaesthetised it can be straightened out and inspected more thoroughly for any wounds, and assess the level of dehydration using and skin fold. The sex must be determined. Ultra sound may be used to determine pregnancy. Eyes examined for corneal cataracts. Biobank staff can collect forensic samples and