Hooo-Hooo Volume 10, Nr 2 - Page 13

Even experienced prosectors sometimes misinterpret post-mortal changes and include them in their list of lesions. Particular attention to detail should prevent incorrect interpretation. Take care to recognise post-mortal fluid shifts, bloat, emphysema and discolouration, nonuniform decomposition, gastric rupture, pancreatic autolysis, intestinal distention, intestinal epithelial desquamation mimicking an exudate, post mortal clots, and tiger striping. Too often, these ‘lesions’ are used to make a diagnosis. 8. Incidental findings Particularly in free-ranging animals in contact with a diversity of pathogens, incidental lesions are commonly, and sometimes, consistently present in carcases at any time. These are lesions that would have been present when the animal was alive, and that had no effect of the animal, and do not have any relevance in terms of the cause of death. Incidental lesions in free-ranging wildlife are common, and often may be quite severe. Their presence should be noted and comments should reflect their nature. 9. Substituting intuition for scientifically based information In certain sectors of the veterinary industry, it has become commonplace for clients to expect snap diagnoses, and this for them has become a hallmark of competence. Under these circumstances, it assumes that such a veterinarian is emphatic and impressive. This type of situation, substituting intuition for scientifically based information, uses ‘categorical, intuitive deduction’ and ignores the essential components of scientific proof to make a diagnosis. In legal terms, the stakes are too high to play hunches in forensic pathology and this practice will no doubt get you into trouble. 10. Confusing the objective and subjective sections of the examination Statements of interpretation and opinion should not be included in descriptive sections such as the post-mortem report. A record of findings should be in sufficient detail, and a factual and non-interpretive description of the detail. Do not substitute an interpretation for a description. First, do the descriptions, and then do the interpretation and explain the significance of the changes. 11. Detraction of quality by minor errors All findings in any necropsy are important. Often they cannot be put into perspective before the various laboratory tests have been completed. A pre-emptive impression of what it may be should not be conveyed to the owner or anybody else. It is good to keep in mind that one should not say more than that which is warranted by the findings. Also, do not divulge information to the wrong people. 12. Not making use of photography Humans do not have photographic memories and do not pretend that af \H\وYX\][H[]H[X[و][H]HY[[HXܛK[H\[\[\\X]Y]] ܈\X\ۋ[]YY[[\\ܚ\[ۜ]\X[Y[Y][[\[\[ۜ]XY]XܛKBܘ\Y K]\ܘ\Hوܙ[[\[ۜ˂\H\[YH[Z[ܘ\]B\[H[Y[H\وܙ[ۈH\BXܛ[ [ۙHܘ\H\XYHY\]X]K[Y[X\Xܙ]\[[Y\]B[XY\˂L˂HYYY[[X[X[Y[ ܂XH[\\\BX[Y[X[ۈ[Xܘ]ܞBۙ\X][ۈوHXYۛ\\وܚ]X[ MPVBL‚