Hooo-Hooo Volume 10, Nr 1 - Page 6

WildLife Group of the SAVA significance and especially in rural and less developed economies. Such communities may rely heavily on bush meat as a vital nutritional, economic and cultural component of their livelihoods. A large number of scientific papers have been published in which many aspects of the bush meat trade have been investigated. More recent publications also put more emphasis on the importance of zoonosis and the One Health Approach. Some of these studies claim that by estimate 282 grams of bush meat are consumed per person per day in the Congo Basin. It is stated that three million tons of bush meat is harvested in Central Africa annually whilst market surveys estimating that over 900,000 kilograms of bush meat are sold annually in Nigeria alone. In many instances profit margins are large enough to create sufficient incentive for the bush meat trade to allow bush meat to reach national and international markets. The bush meat trade is valued at 150 million USD in the Ivory Coast as example and it is estimated that five tons of bush meat are smuggled from Africa to Europe per week. Worldwide, wildlife is second only to narcotics among black market trades. Contact with wildlife through the bush meat trade may put people at risk of infection with zoonotic pathogens such as simian immunodeficiency virus, human T-cell lymphotrophic virus, simian foamy virus, monkeypox virus, Ebola and Marburg filoviruses, anthrax, herpes viruses, hepatitis viruses, paramyxoviruses and various parasites. Hunters come into contact with wildlife significantly more than non-hunters. Participants in surveys r