History of the UF Division of Student Affairs - Page 9

9 by religious denominations. Later, there was a democratic shift in higher education with a focus on educating or molding the masses. The state university movement began after the Civil War and attempted to bridge the gap between free public education and opportunities for higher education. The Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890 established state land grant universities with a focus on teaching agriculture, mechanical arts, and sciences. Often the campus climate emphasized moral and religious education within an atmosphere of military-like discipline. East Florida Seminary (EFS) was established in Ocala in 1853. EFS would later be combined with the Florida Agricultural College. The Florida Agricultural College was established in Lake City in 1884 as a land grant college. In 1903, the Florida Legislature changed the name of the Florida Agricultural College to the University of Florida. In 1905, the Buckman Act consolidated all state-supported schools to four institutions: one for white males (UF), one for white females (FSU), one for Black students (FAMU), and the school for the deaf and blind now called the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind in St. Augustine. UF moved to Gainesville after William Reuben Thomas, Gainesville Mayor and former professor at the East Florida Seminary, offered the donation of 517 acres of land, $40,000, and free water to the Florida Legislature with the stipulation that the University of Florida be built in Gainesville. The First United Methodist congregation in Gainesville supplemented Thomas’ deal by offering an additional $30,000 to purchase the existing East Florida Seminary property in Gainesville. Epworth Hall, a former Florida Agricultural College Cadet Band, Lake City 1904 Photo Credit: UF Archives Digital Collection I ntroduction