Health & Nutrition Health and Nutrition - February 2018.edcoan.ir - Page 37

dition d a n e e r Sc obile) m d n a (TV to be appears source r o j a m a 0%) in 6 y l r a e (n ting to u b i r t n o c lay. sleep de T he human body requires sleep for a minimum of one third of the total hours in a day, which is eight hours. Millennials and baby boomers that form a majority of the adult population are particular about their exercise regime and are aware of the food they eat. However, importance of adequate sleep is completely lost. A study via the Sleep-o- meter, a sleep assessment tool by Godrej Interio, speaks volumes about the sleep deficit that the nation is facing. Below are the findings: n Over 80% individuals are moderate to severely sleep deprived. n Over 60% use smart phones and other devices before bedtime. n Only 9% sleep at 10 p.m, the recommended time to go to bed. n More than 28% people sleep for only 4-6 hours every day. n Over 32% shared they were unable to sleep through the night. n Nearly 70% of the respondents have poor sleeping habits. n Nearly 40% shared they went to bed after 12 p.m. n Screen addition (TV and mobile) appears to be a major source (nearly 60%) in contributing to sleep delay. All the above traits can be attributed to lifestyle changes such as stress due to work, eating habits and changes in body clock. An entire generation of adults does not seem to realise that the repercussions of insufficient sleep can be annihilating. Sleep starvation is rampant in India and needs to be kept in check before it reaches disastrous levels. IMPACT OF LACK OF SLEEP ON OUR BODY Stage1: Affects normal hormone functioning: Normally, our body produces over 50 different hormones daily. Disturbed or lack of sleep will disrupt the normal production of these hormones. For example, the human growth hormone that aids in growth and cell repair peaks during sleep. Lack of sleep will disrupt this production, thus affecting our body’s natural ability to grow and repair the cells. Additionally, other hormones that control the metabolism and hunger will also get affected, forcing the body to seek more food as a means to increase energy levels in our body. Stage 2: Instability in the levels of energy and mood swings Sustained lack of sleep has been known to lead to reduced energy levels, which further results in unstable moods, excessive sleepiness during the day and bursts of euphoria. While shifting attitudes can disrupt the normal functioning of daily activities, excessive sleepiness during the day especially can be hindering and even dangerous. This can lead to frequent lapses in focus, forcing the body to seek reprieve at any time. These incidences are known as ‘microsleeps’ which are also known to be a contributing HEALTH & NUTRITION February 2018 37