Growing Forward 2 - Final Report - Page 8

CVO PROJECT OVERVIEW This CVO Project comprises initial objectives shaped by four major components: a Background Review, a Survey of food-producing animal veterinarians, Facilitated Discussions with species-oriented groups of food-producing animal veterinarians and Consultation with food-producing animal veterinarians and stakeholders. These components were designed to accomplish the original objectives of the CVO Project which were to achieve: • an understanding of the current antimicrobial prescribing practises of food animal veterinarians in Ontario, analyzed against the recommended antimicrobial prudent use protocol (CVMA guidelines), • the identification of key challenges for veterinarians in prescribing antimicrobials to food animals using the national antimicrobial prudent use protocol, and • a set of recommendations aimed at creating food animal antimicrobial prescription alignment within the profession in Ontario and setting the stage for antimicrobial stewardship at the practice and system level. During the course of this study, the objectives were further informed by the Advisory Group. The project comprises four major components: Background Review A Survey of Veterinarians Facilitated Discussions with Species-Oriented Groups of Veterinarians Consultation with Veterinarians and Stakeholders The CVO Background Review includes a review of selected publications, legislation and guidelines related to the use of antimicrobial pharmaceuticals in food-producing animal production systems over approximately a 10-year period, as of July 2014, with particular emphasis on the Canadian context. The CVO Background Review identified areas for particular focus related to the use of antibiotics in food-producing animals. The Review includes a discussion of the possibility of a future where antibiotics have reduced or no effectiveness due to resistance. This Review demonstrated that the majority of food-producing animals fall into six commodity groups, each of which have very distinct and separate concerns related to the use of antibiotics. Therefore, for the purposes of this CVO Project, “food-producing animals” included beef cattle, dairy cattle, poultry, sheep/goats, swine and veal calves and did not include horses, fish or rabbits or any other animals that are raised for food. The term “antibiotic” was used throughout the CVO Project to avoid pot