Growing Forward 2 - Final Report - Page 3

Message from the Council of the College of Veterinarians of Ontario.............................4 TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary...........................................................................................................5 Introduction.......................................................................................................................6 CVO Project Overview.......................................................................................................8 Overview Of Food-Producing Animal Industries In Ontario..............................................9 Beef Cattle................................................................................................................10 Dairy Cattle...............................................................................................................11 Poultry.......................................................................................................................12 Small Ruminants.......................................................................................................13 Swine........................................................................................................................14 Veal Calves...............................................................................................................15 Veterinarians.............................................................................................................17 Use of Antibiotics in Food-Producing Animals in Ontario...............................................18 Conditions Treated with Antibiotics...........................................................................19 Most Commonly Used Antibiotics.............................................................................22 Decision Making Regarding Use of Antibiotics........................................................23 Extra-Label Drug Use...............................................................................................25 Perceptions of Ontario Veterinarians..............................................................................26 Current Use of Antibiotics by Veterinarians..............................................................27 Potential to Reduce Use of Antibiotics.....................................................................28 Influence of Veterinarians.........................................................................................28 Consequences of Maintaining Current Situation......................................................29 Desired Outcomes....................................................................................................30 Current Situation: Strengths......................................................................................31 Current Situation: Challenges...................................................................................33 Suggested Actions...................................................................................................34 Summary of Suggested Actions.....................................................................................38 Legislation & Regulation...........................................................................................39 Research & Surveillance...........................................................................................40 Education & Liaison..................................................................................................41 Quality Assurance.....................................................................................................42 Veterinary Stewardship of Antibiotic Use in Food-Producing Animals in Ontario........... 51 Consultations & Feedback..............................................................................................53 Conclusion.......................................................................................................................54 Appendix I: Acronyms Used In This Report....................................................................55 3  Antibiotic Use in Food-Producing Animals in Ontario: A Study of the Current Practises and Perceptions of Ontario Veterinarians