"Good News" Magazine May PP issue to publish online - Page 8

- PET HEALTH HIGHLIGHTS - Cancer in Dogs It's a dreaded diagnosis that no one wants to hear, be it human or canine - Cancer. Unfor- tunately, it is quite a common one with dogs. In fact, the National Canine Cancer Foundation states that one in three dogs will develop some form of cancer in its lifetime, mostly in the se- nior years, although it can occur at any age. Certain breeds are more susceptible to it, as well, such as Great Danes, Golden Retrievers, Boxers, Saint Bernards, and Boston Terriers. There are nearly 100 types of animal cancer, found in the skin, bones, breast, head and neck, lymph system, abdomen, and testicles. The key, as with any disease, is to catch it early. Early detection is paramount for a dog's successful treatment and recovery. Here are important warning signs to watch out for that could signal cancer in your dog: 1) Lumps, masses, or abnormal swellings: If you find a lump or mass on your dog, it doesn't necessarily indicate cancer, but it's good to get it checked out by your veterinarian ASAP. 2) Weight loss/Loss of appetite: What dog doesn't like to eat? A lack of appetite or weight loss is a worrisome symptom. 3) Problems urinating or defecating: Changes in bowel habits, like difficulty going or more frequent movements, and blood in urine or stool, should be checked by a veterinarian. 4) Difficulty eating or swallowing: Oral tumors can specifically cause pain when eating. 5) Offensive odor: Cancers of the mouth, nose, or anus usually cause foul smells. 6) Sores that don't heal: May be an infection or skin disease, but could also indicate cancer. 7) Lethargy, depression, or loss of stamina: If your dog is sleeping more than usual, isn't in- terested in playing, or doesn't want to go for walks anymore, it is reason for concern. It could be caused by other conditions, but cancer should be ruled out. 8) Difficulty breathing or coughing: If cancer metastisizes through the lungs, abnormal breathing and coughing could occur. 9) Persistent lameness, limping, or stiffness: If walking, running, or jumping causes pain for your pet, it is most likely arthritis or joint and muscle disease, but it could be bone cancer. 10) Abnormal discharges: Vomiting, diarrhea, blood, and pus should be checked by your vet. A distended abdomen can also be indicative of abnormal internal discharge. If your dog has been diagnosed with cancer, it is always a good idea to get a second opin- ion. A board-certified veterinary oncologist would be helpful with that, as well as discussing treatment op- tions for your pet. Some cancers can be cured with a combination of treatments, in much the same way as it is with humans, with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy. Some people opt for no treatment at all, preferring instead to use palliative care (pain management) throughout the duration of the disease. 6 Pawsitively Pets --