gmhTODAY 08 gmhToday May June 2016 - Page 31

Decision Making with the Four Way Test By Emma Orth Emma lives in South San Jose with her mother Giulia, father Don and brother, Luca. She loves spending time in downtown Gilroy and enjoys attending GECA because “it fosters a sense of community and values driven individuals.” When asked about her favorite teacher, she noted that she loves all the teachers at GECA, but that the principal — and her former English teacher Ms. Sonia Flores have really been supportive and provided guidance throughout her time at the school. Emma wants to become an equine veterinarian. She enjoys spending time with friends and engaged in horseback riding, especially endurance rides — a sport in which riders and their horses ride 25, 50, 75, and 100 miles courses. There are various vet check points along the way so that the horses can eat and rehydrate and be checked to make sure they are fit to continue. Her favorite places to visit are Italy, Florida, and Hawaii. She would like to visit Greece some day. D ecision Making begins on a personal level and, once this decision making on a personal level has been mastered, can be applied to a larger scale. The Four Way Test is a way of making sure that the decision being made is truthful, fair, builds goodwill, and is “beneficial to all concerned”. In the past, present, and future, there has been, are, and will be decisions that have been made either selfishly or without thinking, but The Four Way Test can help minimize the number of bad decisions that are made. In our personal lives, we are faced with decisions on an everyday basis, some trivial and some holding more importance, but no matter how small each decision may seem it will have an influence on our life or on the person we are to become. With this insight, The Four Way Test would be an extremely effective strategy to implement when making a decision, as we are often consumed with the short term results and do not stop to consider how the decision will affect us or Celebrating 30 Years South County • Gilroy Summer Arts Program Create! Perform! Be in a SHOW!!! STAR Arts Four-Week Programs ★ learning, doing, performing theatre & media arts in hands-on activities! ★ STAR Arts Theatre k i ds perform Disney's Aladdin Jr. Rehearsals: June 20 - July 15 Mon thru Fri 9 am to 4 pm Performances: July 15 at 7:00 pm & July 16 at 4 pm Brownell M i ddle School Academy i n Gilroy (Ages: 8-15) STAR Arts Video ★ kids write, create, act & edit Media Masterpieces! (Ages: 10-15) ENROLL NOW! website: starartseducation.wix.com/star Contact us for more information email: star.arts.education@gmail.com 7393 Monterey Street, Gilroy, CA 95020 text/call: 669-888-4148 GILROY • MORGAN HILL • SAN MARTIN others in the long term. For example, if you have a friend who needs help on their homework and you do their homework for them, it fails all four parts of The Four Way Test. Firstly, it is deceitful because you are turning in your work as someone else’ s. Secondly, it is unfair because your friend is not having to do their work, seeing as you are doing it for them and everyone else is doing their own work, while your friend is not having to work at all Also, it will not build a better friendship because your friend will come to depend on you to do their work for them, which is unhealthy. Finally, it does not benefit them or you because they will not know how to do the material that is on the homework and you will be helping your friend cheat and that would be risking both your and your friend’s academic integrity. In addition, if you do your friend’s homework they are likely to become unwilling to do their homework in the future because they now know that if they need help you will just do it for them. In the long term it could make your friend think less of themselves because they will feel that they cannot solve a problem on their own and they are also likely to become less ambitious because they will let others do their work. Even if in the short term it would seem as though you are help- ing your friend, in the long term it is clear that you would actually be harming them. Now, keeping The Four Way Test in mind, take the same situation of your friend needing help on their homework, but imagine you respond in a different way. This time, instead of doing their homework for them, you sit down with them and help them understand the topic that the homework is on and then help them understand the question (without giving them the answers).Using this method, you are still being truthful because your friend would be turning in his/her own work, so it would fulfill the first part of The Four Way Test. Also, it is fair because your friend is doing their own homework. It will build goodwill in your friendship because you are teaching your friend their own problem-solving skills, and not making them dependent on you. Lastly, it is beneficial to both you and your friend because you are teaching problem-solving skills and in turn learning them better yourself and your friend is also learning problem solving skills. Over the long term, your friend will become more self- confident and able to solve things by using their own brain and not depending on the brains of others. In conclusion, The Four Way Test will help determine if a decision that is being made is ethical and a good decision in the long term, even if in the short term it seems the more difficult solution. Our lives could benefit greatly from using this method to make decisions and can help us realize the effects that our decisions have, not only on ourselves, but also on those around us. On an even larger scale, if people are able to become more considerate of those around them, the members of our community will come to respect one another and realize that we are all connected and that each decision we make creates a ripple effect into the lives of others. Perhaps with this new awareness, we will start to think more deeply about our decisions and their consequences. MAY/JUNE 2016 gmhtoday.com 31