GLOCAL March 2014 - Page 9

Non-cooperation movement The President of Pakistan summoned the session of the National Assembly in Dacca on 3 March, 1971. The 7 In the election the Awami League won 167 seats out of 313 seats in the National Assembly of Pakistan and of 169 seats reserved for East Pakistan. Single largest Party from West Pakistan was Pakistan People‟s Party of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who resigned from Foreign Minister Ship of Gen.Ayub cabinet. Pakistan People‟s Party secured 64 seats while Pakistan Muslim League 7 seats and National Awami Party of Wali-Muzaffar group of West Pakistan 3 seats from North West Frontier and 3 from Baluchistan, Jamat-e-Islam 6 seats from Punjab and Sindh and Independents 6 seats. The Awami League won landslide victory in East Pakistan and a comfortable majority in the National Assembly of Pakistan. Therefore, it would have been logically wise to hand over power to Awami League Party. leader of People‟s Party Zulfiqar Ali refused to participate in the session of the National Assembly who advocated coalition between Awami League and his Party. It was not acceptable to Awami League. Without consulting the leader of the majority party the President dramatically announced postponement of the session of the National Assembly, which evoked sharp reaction from the people of East Pakistan. The leader of majority Party had no other option, but to launch a country wide non-violent and noncooperation movement against the government. The response was so overwhelming that virtually the leader of Awami League became a ruler of East Pakistan. The central authority became worried to witness unprecedented response of the people in favor of non-cooperation movement. On March 6, 1971 the President of Pakistan again announced to convene the session of National Assembly on March 25, 1971. On March 7, 1971 in his historic speech at Suhrawardy Uddan Sheikh Mujibur Rahman gave a clarion call to people and government employees to follow his instructions and declared that he would consider attending session of National Assembly only if four points are met. These were: lifting of Martial Page editor, said in his book,“ Maulana Bhashani thus stole the honor from Mujib of being the first Bengali politician who actually spoke up for an independent sovereign Bangladesh”(page 83: After the Dark Night by S.M.Ali).