GLOCAL March 2014 - Page 3

History Speaks A SENSE OF HISTORY SHARED: BIRTH OF BANGLADESH Mohammad Amjad Hossain* In March, 1947, Lord Louis Mountbatten was sent to India as a new Viceroy at the request of Jawaharlal Nehru, Leader of Indian Congress to arrange withdrawal of the British from India. Meanwhile, Indian Congress accepted the concept floated by the Muslim League for the division of India into two countries on 1 Jinnah, President of All India Muslim League. In Delhi conference on April 7, 1946 resolution was changed by the instruction of Mohammad Ali Jinnah for one Muslim country on the pretext of typographical error despite protests by Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, President of Assam Provincial Muslim League and Abul Hashim, General Secretary of Bengal Provincial Muslim League. Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, the only Muslim leader who won election in Bengal in 1946 gave his nod to one Pakistan idea. Had Suhrawardy not been elected, it would have been difficult to sell the idea of Pakistan because Muslim League Leaders in other provinces could not win elections, including Punjab. Page The year 1945 was turning point in the context of movement for freedom in South Asian sub-continent. With the end of Second world War and winning of election of a Labor government in Great Britain headed by Clement Richard Atlee, it was assured that the British government would quit India soon as a result of the demand made by both the National Congress of India and All India Muslim League for the departure of the British from India to end subjection of Indian Sub-continent for more than 200 years. The process of independence was delayed because of division of opinion between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League. The Muslim League maintained that a separate state comprising Muslim majority areas could serve the interest of the Muslims. In fact, a resolution was adopted by All India Muslim League at Lahore Conference in 1940 for two Muslim States following the departure of the British. The proposal was placed by Chief Minister of Bengal A.K .Fazlul Haq under the chairmanship of Mohammad Ali