GLOCAL March 2014 - Page 13

In November, Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi undertook tour of several countries, including Moscow, Washington, London etc. to explain Indian position vis-a-vis Pakistan on the situation in East Pakistan. On return she declared in the Parliament 11 Perhaps the Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation, which was signed on 8 August, 1971, gave a moral boost to the Indian military intervention, giving a guarantee that China would not open a second front as Pakistan might have expected. Particularly, article 1X of the Treaty, which stipulated that in case of an attack on either party, the high contracting parties shall immediately enter into mutual consultations in order to remove such threats and take appropriate effective measures to ensure peace and security of their countries, perceived against the possible threat from China with whom Pakistan had maintained excellent bilateral relations. Nixon administration of the United States of America had used the good office of General Aga Muhammad Yahya Khan of Pakistan to establish political link with People‟s Republic of China. Pakistan played a critical role in establishing relations between the United States of America and People‟s Republic of China when war of liberation was in progress. President Nixon appeasement policy towards China through Pakistan had caused serious suspicion in the Soviet Union and in India too. This US- China-Pakistan axis was looked upon by India as a threat against the backdrop of Indo-China war of 1962, whereas the Soviet Union thought it fit to sign such a friendship treaty with India to contain China‟s influence in the area. Therefore, the interests of both coincided in the conclusion of the friendship treaty on August, 1971. The election manifest of 1970 of the Awami League, spelling out the non-aligned, secular and socialist nature of its policy, must have prompted the adoption of the friendly attitude towards the people of Bangladesh by the Soviet Union during the war of liberation. The Great Britain also provided sanctuary to fugitive political leaders and diplomats‟ who switched over allegiance to Bangladesh government in exile ,which was set up in April 17,1971 in India led by Tajuddin Ahmad, to clandestinely operate propaganda against Pakistan marauding military regime from London. Page shelter in India.