Gauteng Smallholder October 2015 - Page 16

BEE FORAGE From page 12 are exempt from removal. Gum trees in urban areas are exempt from removal if their trunk diameter is more than 400mm (at 1 000mm height) at the time of publishing of the Regulations (1 October, 2014). If the gums are an existing formal plantation, no intervention is required. Smallholders must guard against unscrupulous contractors who claim that all gums must be removed. This is not true and the often unnecessary removal of gums can be avoided. However, if they are along or near the banks of a river or within 32m of the edge of a lake, dam, wetland or estuary, they must be removed, even if any of the above is true. Listed gums in Protected Areas (nature reserves, national parks) or in ecosystems identified for conservation should also be removed. We are encouraged to look out for Red flowering gum (Corymbia ficifolia), Grey ironbark (Eucalyptus paniculata), Yellow box (Eucalyptus melliodora) and Black ironbark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon) as these are favoured by bees. To help you to identify the gums on your plot refer to the booklet published by the S A Biodiversity Institute available for downloading at http://www.sanbi.org/sites/def ault/files/documents/documen ts/gumsbees-web-versionhyperlinks.pdf. The following are the six gum species listed as invasive: K River red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) K Spider gum (Eucalyptus conferruminata) K Sugar gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) K Karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor) K Saligna gum (Eucalyptus grandis) K Forest red gum (Eucalyptus tereticornis) If the gum tree species on your property is a listed invasive and is not exempted by the provisions mentioned above, but is used as part of a plantation, woodlot, beeforage area, wind-row or to line avenues, you may still maintain these gum trees. However, you must apply for a permit to demarcate them as Category 2 invasive species under the Nemba AIS Regulations. Category 2 listed invasive species require a permit to carry out a restricted activity. The restricted activities most relevant to landowners include 'having in possession'; 'growing, breeding, propagating'; and 'spreading or allowing the spread of.' Although the permit will allow you to maintain the specimens in the demarcated area, you will have to clear them outside of those areas. You will also be accountable should your gum trees spread into a neighbouring property. Applicants applying for a permit to carry out a restricted activity involving Category 2 species need to compile a risk assessment report that will accompany their permit Continued on page 16 Black ironbark flower 14 www.sasmallholder.co.za