174 History of Garuda Indonesia GARUDA INDONESIA AIRCRAFT THROUGH THE AGES Pesawat Garuda Indonesia dari Masa ke Masa the time, introduced the FFCC (ForwardFacing Crew Cockpit) concept to the world. In 1994, Garuda Indonesia began operating the largest widebody aircraft of the 1990s, the Boeing 747-400. Garuda Indonesia continued to bolster its fleet throughout the decade with the Boeing 737-300/400/500 − all in operation since 1989 – the MD 11 in 1991 and the Airbus A330-300 in 1996. Beginning in 2009, Garuda Indonesia introduced in-flight entertainment facilities to its fleet in the form of Audio Video on Demand (AVoD) aboard its Airbus A330-200 and Boeing 737-800 NG aircraft. Each Airbus A330-300 was equipped with AVoD and adjustable seats by 2010. Garuda Indonesia owes its success as an international airline in part to its fleet. For its inaugural flight in 1949, Garuda Indonesia, known as ‘Garuda Indonesian Airways’ at the time, operated the DC-3 Dakota and PBY Catalina. The DH Heron and CV-340 joined the Garuda Indonesia fleet in 1950, followed by the CV-440 in 1956. The rapid growth of Garuda Indonesia’s fleet began with the arrival of the Lockheed Electra in 1961. In 1963, Garuda Indonesia became the first airline in Southeast Asia to operate the subsonic Convair 990A jet. By 1965 Garuda Indonesia had added the DC-8 to its fleet. In 1969 the Fokker 27 and DC-9 joined the roster. Garuda Indonesia operated its first widebody aircraft, the DC-10, in 1976. Subsequently, in 1977, Garuda Indonesia became the first airline to operate only jet aircraft, with a fleet comprising the DC-8, DC-9, DC-10 and Fokker 28. In the 1980s, Garuda Indonesia was the world’s biggest operator of the Fokker 28, which had begun operation in 1971. Garuda Indonesia also brought in more widebody planes, namely the Boeing 747-200 in 1980 and the Airbus A300-B4 in 1982. With the Airbus A300-B4, Wiweko Soepono, the President and CEO of Garuda Indonesia at To accommodate domestic and regional short-haul markets, Garuda Indonesia began operation of Bombardier CRJ1000 NextGen aircraft in 2012, as the aircraft are known for reliability, efficiency and optimal passenger capacity. In 2013, Garuda Indonesia became the first airline in Indonesia to operate the Boeing 777-300ER and reintroduced its First Class service on board. Within the new First Class service concept Garuda Indonesia launched its speciality ‘Chef on Board’ service, providing passengers with the luxury of ordering meals specially prepared by on-board chefs. The Boeing 777-300ER is also equipped with in-flight connectivity. Later, in November 2013, the ATR 72-600 aircraft joined the Garuda Indonesia fleet, allowing the airline to reach remote destinations across the archipelago. The turboprop aircraft introduced Garuda Indonesia’s sub-brand ‘Explore’. At the same time, Garuda Indonesia also introduced the sub-brand ‘Explore Jet’ for its Bombardier CRJ1000 NextGen aircraft, which have been in operation since October 2012.