Garuda Indonesia Colours Magazine May 2019 - Page 146

Garuda Indonesia / History of Garuda Indonesia FFCC Wiweko’s concept for the aviation world Airbus A300-B4 FFCC He had the ability to assemble an aircraft model based on the aircraft design illustration from an aviation magazine only. Together with his friend, Fred Raas, he founded the teenage Bandung flight club on December 10, 1937. Wiweko was a pioneer member of the Republic of Indonesia Air Force, as well as a pioneer of Indonesian Airways, making Indonesia’s first commercial flight to Burma. The duties and functions of Indonesian Airways personnel and aircraft were eventually merged back into the Indonesian Air Force. Wiweko was one of the nation’s founders who succeeded in raising Indonesia’s name in the world of aviation. Konsep FFCC Wiweko untuk Dunia Penerbangan E/ Garuda Indonesia is proud of the fact that it was the first to use – and to develop the concept of – wide-body aircraft manned by two cockpit crew, now known as the Forward Facing Crew Cockpit (FFCC). Although there was debate about the pros and cons of this idea within the aviation world at the time, with the development of technology, the concept has been applied around the world today. Initially, the aircraft cockpit was designed to be manned by two pilots and a flight engineer. However, Wiweko, who was acting CEO of Garuda Indonesian Airways (now Garuda Indonesia), had a far-reaching vision. Wiweko questioned the flight engineer’s function as during the flight, the flight engineer did not undertake any tasks, simply sitting behind the pilot on the plane. This issue arose 144 after the test flight of an Airbus A300 at the Airbus Industrie factory in Blagnac, France in September 1977. One of the tasks of a flight engineer on aircraft at the time was to operate several flight instruments behind the pilot. However, on the Airbus A300, the instrument panel was completely automatic and all the flight instruments were in front of the pilot – we are familiar with now. The flight engineer’s seat was maintained at that time as a concession to European trade unions but actually was not needed on the new Airbus A300 aircraft. Based on his previous experiences, where he had initiated the simplification of cockpit crew on the Douglas DC-8 four-engine aircraft from five to three crew, and flown solo across the Pacific Ocean, Wiweko came to the conclusion that the Airbus A300 need only be manned by two cockpit crew. The two-man cockpit crew concept changed the history of world aviation. Wiweko also became involved in the design of the cockpit for Airbus aircraft with a capacity of 266-360 passengers. Garuda Indonesian Airways received its first Airbus A300-B4 FFCC (from a total of nine planes ordered) on January 18, 1982 at the Saint Martin hangar in Blagnac, Toulouse. Wiweko was born in Blitar on January 18, 1923 and grew up with a strong interest in aerospace. I/ Indonesia patut berbangga, maskapai Garuda Indonesia menjadi pencetus ide dan pengguna pesawat berbadan lebar dengan dua awak kokpit pertama di dunia yang dikenal sebagai Forward Facing Crew Cockpit (FFCC). Meskipun terdapat pro kontra dari dunia penerbangan namun seiring perkembangan teknologi maka konsep tersebut telah digunakan di seluruh dunia hingga saat ini. Awalnya desain kokpit pesawat diciptakan untuk diawaki dua pilot dan satu flight engineer. Namun, Wiweko yang saat itu berperan sebagai Direktur Wiweko came to the conclusion that the Airbus A300 need only be manned by two cockpit crew.