G20 Foundation Publications Australia 2014 - Page 78

78 C L I M AT E C H A N G E & S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y C L I M AT E C H A N G E & S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y Infrastructure for the rise of smart cities? Economic data indicate that the global market of technologies related to “Smart city” will reach more than $ 39 billions (27 billions euros) in 2016. Despite this optimism, local decision-makers are still interrogative and confused on how to address the role of large digital infrastructures in their city Michel Sudarskis, Secretary General, INTA, International Urban Development Association Government and business leaders recognize that the technology-enabled city is a source of sustainable growth and a powerful tool for tackling environmental and economic challenges. By unlocking technology, infrastructure and public data, cities can open up new value chains that spawn innovative applications, and information products that make possible sustainable modes of city living and working. While smart initiatives are underway in urban centers around the world, most cities have yet to realize the enormous potential value from integrated, strategically-designed smart infrastructure. Through clear vision and leadership, civic leaders and executives can help cities make the transition to initiatives that maximize the smart city value opportunity. The city has always been conceived as a place of exchange; with the use of the digital technology a smart city increases the intensity of exchange, of networking and communication, which are the basic elements of city life and economy. Digital technology and infrastructure could be the point of entry of new social and economic ambitions: it is a social issue as it involves the collective and democratic participation of users (social networks); it is a political issue that questions management and urban governance and its evolution; it is a technical question with the exponential growth of information technologies (cloud computing, big data). Optimization of the existing city by digital technology There is no doubt that the city driven by smart infrastructure can generate new applications and information services that enable different lifestyles and work. However, infrastructures alone are not sufficient. They need “intelligence” to remain efficient. Digital technology is a factor of change in the sense of shifting from an infrastructure- led logic to a service-led economy. Developing smart infrastructure against a Xو[[XX™[[HYX[Z[ۙ\X]BXH\Z[[XY XX^HYH\]\[\ݚ[H\[X[\[\و\[\X\[ݚY[X\\XBXܛH\ XZ[]Y\X\\]Z\\\[[Y[X\H\[ۈوZ\]\K[\H]X]\\XH\K]H[XYH[B]Hۈ^H\Y\Έ[X]H[K[H]H[ܜܚΈX[[\š[Yܘ][ۈHYHܚ[œX\ HZ\\N\H[BܛY\[H HYNۙ\X\Y\[YH\ۘ[\Y HYNBX\و[\][]ˈYHY\H\H[\[Z[][ۈوY][XH\H\Hو[\[[\Y[YYZY\]\[X\[\[[][ۘ[Z[[[Z[HX[]B[[Y[[H\و[[ܘ]Xœ\\[][ۈ[\X\][ۈ[]XYK؝[\H\\H\X]B\X ]]HY\]]˜][[ۈHٝ[Y[[ۈقH8'X\]x'H\^B[\X\K[Y\X HX[YX\HوH]HH ] BY][XKY][XBXY][H\و\[][Y[ [ܙ\Z[]\ۛXY\[[ZY\[\ݙHXXX\\[X][&B[][ۜ\\HX\\[[ܙHX]H]N^[ۙ[ܝ \[\\[YX][ۋHY][[]\[\ۈ[\ݚ[H]Bو^H܈\[][Hٙ\[]œ\X\\Y[ˈY][XB[X\[[ۙ\YXHY[H]X[[][ۜ\]Y[]^[˜[HXH\[NH\Z[[ŠY][ۘ[]X[]]YJH\[[ŠXH[\]܈\Y][]X\B[[\X[[[YYX]B\X\][ۈ XHX[]ܚK][X\[HYX[ۈ[H\و[\YYX\Y\[Z[HYH [\][\H\JK\ܝ[XX\™[\\Y[[۝[Z]K^KXX[[\[\\\KYXH[Y[XX\XB[]]ܚ]Y\[^\[\B[ܙH[[ܙH]H\X\X\˜X[[[X[\\\[[ܛX][ۋ[ܙ\XZ[Z[\[X[\X\X\YX][ۈ[X[\ܝ [\H[Y\وY܋[]]ܚ]Y\[XZHHۙ[[\\›وٚ]X[]HوZ\[\Y[[X\X[\\\\[XYH[\[^][ۈو\][ܛHHH]]HX܋\Y]ۙ]\Hۘ\[ۈ܈BX[Y[Y[وH\XK[[K\[[[]][ۈ[\Y][\\HYX[ܚ[\˜X]H[[Y[HHH\[HقH\\XHHY][\[K[XX™X\[ۈXZ[ˈY8'YX]['H[ ]\\\›YYY[\H]^[&H[\\Y[ ]\X\\H[X\[H[XYٙXX[YYH[[X\]BH][Y[وZ\\]ܞH[BHوY][\X\ˈ]\H[[HB̌[ZHۋ8