Future Trends In Information Technology - Page 29

 Computer-aided Design (CAD) - CAD - Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to assist in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design. CAD software is used to increase the productivity of the designer, improve the quality of design, improve communications through documentation, and to create a database for manufacturing. CAD output is often in the form of electronic files for print, machining, or other manufacturing operations. Computer science - Computer science or computing science (abbreviated CS or CompSci) is the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications. Consumption modeling - Describes how supply is separated from demand, and that service capacity is created just-intime. Services are generated from an approved inventory stored in a service catalog (self-service, if you're in IT); with each service having clear pricing. The pricing could be variable and "consumption based" that is, it's not only metered, but based on both true cost as well as opportunity cost for access to the infrastructure. Lastly, the consumption model can also include services brokering - that is, it can include services generated from outside IT as well as those generated within/by IT. Both sources are equally valid, so long as IT still provides common governance, access, pricing and secure delivery to internal LoB customers. http://fountnhead.blogspot.com/2011/08/it-as-service-models-for-consumption.html Context awareness – A property of mobile devices that is defined complementary to location awareness. Whereas location may determine how certain processes in a device operate, context may be applied more flexibly with mobile users, especially with users of smart phones. Context awareness originated as a term from ubiquitous computing or as so-called pervasive computing which sought to deal with linking changes in the environment with computer systems, which are otherwise static. The term has also been applied to business theory in relation to business process management issues Context recognition – The state of a context at a certain point (or region) in space at a certain point (or interval) in time, identified by name. Contract creation and comprehension - The management of contracts made with customers, vendors, partners, or employees. Contract management includes negotiating the terms and conditions in contracts and ensuring compliance with the terms and conditions, as well as documenting and agreeing on any changes or amendments that may arise during its implementation or execution. It can be summarized as the process of systematically and efficiently managing contract creation, execution, and analysis for the purpose of maximizing financial and operational performance and minimizing risk Control theory - An interdisciplinary branch of engineering and mathematics that deals with the behavior of dynamical systems with inputs. The external input of a system is called the reference. When one or more output variables of a system need to follow a certain reference over time, a controller manipulates the inputs to a system to obtain the desired effect on the output of the system. Creating a platform (PaaS) to host approved apps. – (Platform as a service (PaaS)) Is a category of cloud computing services that provide a computing platform and a solution stack as a ser