Future Trends Health Care 2013 - Page 48

Problem solving -Cognitive modeling is an area of computer science that deals with simulating human problem solving and mental task processes in a computerized model. http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/cognitive-modeling. Process improvement - Process improvement is an aspect of organizational development (OD) in which a series of actions are taken by a process owner to identify, analyze and improve existing business processes within an organization to meet new goals and objectives, such as increasing profits and performance, reducing costs and accelerating schedules. These actions often follow a specific methodology or strategy to encourage and ultimately create successful results. Process improvement may include the restructuring of company training programs to increase their effectiveness. Process improvement is also a method to introduce process changes to improve the quality of a product or service, to better match customer and consumer needs. Process management - Specific to the communications environment, the practice of telecom expense management (TEM) encompasses the business processes conducted by IT and finance departments to acquire the provision (and support) of corporate telecommunications assets. http://www.gartner.com/it-glossary/process-management Program evaluation- A systematic method for collecting, analyzing, and using information to answer questions about projects, policies and programs,[1] particularly about their effectiveness and efficiency. In both the public and private sectors, stakeholders will want to know if the programs they are funding, implementing, voting for, receiving or objecting to are actually having the intended effect (and to what cost). This definition focuses on the question of whether the program, policy or project has, as indicated, the intended effect. However, equally important are questions such as how the program could be improved, whether the program is worthwhile, whether there are better alternatives, if there are unintended outcomes, and whether the program goals are appropriate and useful. Source: Wikipedia Programming – The process of designing, writing, testing, debugging, and maintaining the course code of computer programs. Project management - The application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements. http://www.gartner.com/it-glossary/project-management/ Prosthesis - A prosthesis is a device designed to replace a missing part of the body or to make a part of the body work better. Diseased or missing eyes, arms, hands, legs, or joints are commonly replaced by prosthetic devices. Source: Medline Plus Proteomics - Proteomics studies the structure and function of proteins , the principal constituents of the protoplasm of all cells. Source: www.ama-assn.org Provision of Care - The integrated and cyclical process that allows care to be delivered according to patient needs and the hospital’s scope of services. This care process may occur between multiple organizations or it may be limited to the organization itself. The complexity of providing care, treatment, and services through this process often demands an interdisciplinary collaborative approach and the mutual effort among those who work in the organization to coordinate care in a manner that is conducive to optimal patient outcomes, quality and safety. Source: www.jointcommission.org Psychology – An applied science discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behavior. Public health - "The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals." It is concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis. The population in question can be as small as a handful of people, or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents (for instance, in the case of a pandemic). The dimensions of health can encompass "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." Source: United Nations' World Health Organization. Purchasing - Purchasing refers to a business or organization attempting to acquiring goods or services to accomplish the goals of its enterprise. Though there are several organizations that attempt to set standards in the purchasing process, processes can vary greatly between organizations. Typically the word “purchasing” is not used interchangeably with the word “procurement”, since procurement typically includes Expediting, Supplier Quality, and Traffic and Logistics (T&L) in addition to Purchasing. Source: Wikipedia Quality - There are scientific ways to measure health care quality. These tools have mostly been used by health professionals. They use measures to review and improve the quality of care they provide. A quality measure is information from a patient's record or an operational process that is converted into a rate, percentage or time that shows how well provider ????????????????????????????)E?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????5??????????????????)????????????????????????????????????????M??????9???????????????????!????? ???E?????)I????????????%???????????????I%?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????)????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????)I??????????????Q?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????)M??????5??????]?????5???????????????(+ ? ???????9???? ??????Q????%???1?????%?????????????????(??((