Future Construction Industry Trends - Page 43

LIDAR (light detection and ranging) scanning - There are two basic types of Lidar sensors: fixed, groundbased Lidar sensors, such as CSIRO’s ECHIDNA™ (ECHIDNA: ground-based laser scanning) instrument and moving sensors, such as those attached to satellites and aircraft It is a technology that uses laser pulses to generate large amounts of data about the physical layout of terrain and landscape features. The data can be analyzed and used in diverse applications such as: mapping areas for building and structures in the construction industry; generation of digital terrain maps for use in geographic information systems ; and generation of digital vegetation maps for use in the forestry and land management industries. All varieties of lidar operate using the same basic principle. The lidar instrument fires rapid pulses of light (laser pulses) at the landscape and a sensor mounted on the instrument measures the amount of time taken for each light pulse to bounce back. Because light moves at a constant and known speed, the lidar instrument can then calculate the distance between itself and the target with high accuracy. By rapidly repeating the process, the lidar instrument builds up a complex 'picture' of the terrain it is measuring. The lidar instrument fires rapid pulses of light and measures the amount of time taken for each light pulse to bounce back. Source: CSIRO Life cycle simulation - The use of engineering and scientific simulation techniques to understand and predict the real-world behavior of physical phenomena is widespread across a number of diverse industries. This is true for simulations involving product performance attributes, manufacturing processes, or fundamental research. Their ability to create virtual worlds that closely mirror the physical world enables them to optimize performance, reduce material use, and detect and correct errors at a level almost inconceivable with today's physical prototyping. Source: Industry Week Life Safety/Code Proficiency - As the built environment and risks evolve throughout the life cycle of a building, so do the challenges to protect people from fire and related hazards. Life Safety Code provides a flexible approach that adapts to nontraditional use of buildings; innovative designs; and new technologies, materials, and construction practices in both new and existing structures with strategies for occupant safety. Source: NFPA.org Listening and learning - A learning style in which a person learns through listening. An auditory learner depends on hearing and speaking as a main way of learning. Auditory learners must be able to hear what is being said in order to understand and may have difficulty with instructions that are drawn but if the writing is in a logical order it can be easier to understand . They also use their listening and repeating skills to sort through the information that is sent to them. Various types of learning styles includes: visual learners, auditory learners, reading/writing-preference learners, and kinesthetic learners (also known as "tactile learners"). Source: Wikipedia Logistics Management -Logistics management is the part of supply chain management that plans, implements, and controls the efficient, effective, forward, and reverse flow and storage of goods, services, and related information between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet customer's requirements. Source: Wikipedia Marketing education - Marketing education is a program designed to prepare secondary and postsecondary students to conduct the critical business functions associated with directing the flow of products and services from the producer to the consumer. Source: https://www.acteonline.org ©Copyright 2014, North Central Texas InterLink, Inc. All rights reserved 43