Fundraising Guide (English) June 2014 - Page 18

 you have the basic infrastructure needed to Do communicate internationally? Do you have a telephone number and email account? Do you have a bank account where grant money can be wired or checks deposited? they seek to support (i.e. do they fund programs for single mothers or orphans living with HIV/AIDS? Do they fund advocacy projects or only direct services like emergency food relief or health care?)  Does the funder take “unsolicited proposals”? This means foundations accept grant proposals from new organizations they haven’t heard from before. Some funders do not accept proposals at all, or only invite groups they know well to apply for funding. If you don’t have these basic capacities, many foundations will not consider you eligible for a grant and any application you send them will not be considered for funding. There can be exceptions to this rule. Sometimes human rights groups and other NGOs working on controversial issues cannot obtain legal status in their country. Some funders understand this and will work around it. However, in many cases, you may be disqualified for funding on technical grounds. It is important to understand this in advance before you put in a lot of work on proposals that cannot be considered.  they fund other groups like yours? Beyond Do reading the foundation’s official guidelines, look for a list of grants recently awarded by the foundation. Many foundations list all their current grants on their website, or in their annual reports, which are often available for download on their website. See if the foundation gives grants to other grassroots organizations in your country or in your field. If the foundation has only given grants to organizations based in its home country or only to large international NGOs, it may not be open to giving a grant to your organization, unless it has recently changed its guidelines. COMMON REQUIREMENTS  there a limit on the organization’s budget size? Is Some foundations only fund small grassroots organizations, while others only want to fund large organizations with big budgets.  What kinds of paperwork do they require? Is it too burdensome for your group to manage a grant from this funder?  Does the foundation give grants of an appropriate size? If you need $20,000, you don’t want to apply to a foundation whose smallest grants are $250,000. But, if a foundation gives $5,000 grants, don’t rule it out because it won’t fund your entire budget–you can supplement that grant with other sources of funding to reach your goal. Some foundations have very complicated reporting requirements, including the collection of detailed statistical data, which can be really difficult for small grassroots groups to meet. Unless the foundation will offer you extra support to help you collect the data and build your group’s capacity, you may find that it costs more to manage the grant than the grant is worth to your organization.  Does the foundation give grants to groups at your stage of organizational development? Some funders are looking to help new organizations get started, while others want to fund well-established, mature organizations with a track record of prior international funding. QUESTIONS TO ANSWER BEFORE YOU WRITE THE PROPOSAL Writing a proposal is like preparing a pitch, as described in Chapter 2, only much more detailed. Before you sit down to write, you should collect basic information about your organization and its programs.  Does the foundation give direct grants internationally? Many international grantmakers give grants through organizations based in their country that run international projects and don’t award grants directly to groups based in that country (see the “Note on Taxes” on page 13).  Who are you? Who are your organization’s leaders, staff, board/advisors, volunteers, beneficiaries/ participants? How many are there? What skills and expertise do they have?  the funder interested in your geographical region? Is Many foundations limit their giving to particular world regions, countries, and even localities.  What kind of group are you? How are you structured?  How is your organization governed? How does it make decisions?  Who is the foundation’s target population? Check funders’ program areas and the types of beneficiaries 15