FTA 2017 Routes of Faith I - Page 6

INSPIRATION A MOVEMENT THAT CHANGED THE WORLD Wittenberg, Germany Rowena Drinkhouse by Kendall Fletcher The 500th anniversary of Martin Luther’s Reformation is the pinnacle of faith-based travel this year. Celebrations abound, particularly in Wittenberg, Germany, where Luther nailed his “95 Theses” to the door of the Castle Church, spurring a reformation that infinitely changed the world. Luther was born in 1483, and after defying his father’s wishes to become a lawyer, he entered an Augustinian monastery. He continued his studies, received a doctorate and became a professor of biblical studies. He shared his views with the early philosopher Augustine, who believed in two central ideals crucial to Luther’s Reformation: the Bible held the ultimate religious authority over the Roman Catholic Church’s officials, and that humans received God’s grace through faith, not through works of righteousness as the Church believed. The selling of indulgences, which the Catholic Church thought provided absolution to sinners, was strongly objected by Luther and led to his writing of the “95 Theses,” a list of propositions for debate. After famously posting them in 1517, the document was widely distributed throughout Germany and made its way to Rome. He refused to recant his stance, and the pope condemned his writings and excommunicated him from the Catholic Church. When the Holy Roman emperor ordered his writings to be burned, Luther fled and, while in hiding, worked on translating the New Testament into German, another of his most profound feats. Other leaders stepped up to carry on his beliefs and lead the reform, which he found upon his return. His writings led to the Protestant Reformation, a movement so bold and controversial that the changes it made are being commemorated five centuries later. R Vf&FFW'2FW"W&F"BfFG&fV766FV&W"&6VB&VWfRƖ226vVB"FFW FW6vVBFW&RWFW.( 2ƖfRB6V&FR2fVVG0FB&W7G'V7GW&VB6&7FG6vW'2&vVBg&氤G&涆W6R7F'FVB&Vf&FFW'2#2gFW"V'2`&v旦r6&7FFW'2GW&WFRWFW"FW"6( BW7BvrG&fVW'2FFfRF7F'fFr7&FFW&7FrvFfVr6&7F2B6V7FpFVWW"vFFV"fF2FRFW&'F( W"FW'2&R7V6f6ǒFW6vVBf"6&7F2B6FW&^( 0fVw6vFFW"FW"V&W'22vV2'GVFW2FVW@`&WFW2bfF6&VƖWfW'2( &vV6B( vRfRFWfF2GW&rFRG&v62v2vƖvB( Ф2FW"W&F"6RfW26VVrG&fVW'2vWBW6FVB&W@FW&rWW&R( ėN( 26WFrFW( fRG&VVB&WBB'&fRgV`F6F'FRVBbFRG&FW&^( 27V6&Bbg&VG6&WGvVVFRG&fVW'2F&VvFV"6&VBWW&V6W2( ХG&6rWFW.( 2fG7FW2W7V6ǒF2fW'6'V"0fFG&fVW'>( 'V6WBƗ7B'WBf"FRG&涆W6W2N( 2@WFW"FRFR&vVBg&FW6vFW'2FG&GV6PFV"G&fVW'2FFR67VGW&RBFV&&WBFRVRv&BFR6W2FWf6B( FW6R&V( BW7Bf6F2FB6VFRv&vVW26FVG&0B7GVr66VW'N( 2'GVGFV&&R&WBW 6&7FW&FvRB&R7&VBFRW"ƗfW26VB( Х&vV6B( N( 26WFrFW( fRG&VVB&W@B'&fRgVbF6F'FPVBbFRG&FW&^( 27V6&B`g&VG6&WGvVVG&fVW'2( E&vVG&涆W6PWFW.( 2&Vf&F6vVB7V7G2b6&7FGF@6FVRFFRVffV7BFFv62v&vV62N( 2'F@f"FW&F6&7F2FrFR7F'( 6&7F2FVBFFR6V6f"w&FVB7V62&VFrFP&&RW"vwVvR6vr6W&6&FW"FW7BƗ7FVpF6"6VVrW""2f6FWfVbv^( &RBgVFP֖7G'v&2frFR6RVGV6F'GVG2&26W&w&Vr&RF''FW6R&RFR&W7VG2bFR&Vf&FFVvFR7B'FB7V7Bv2FRVFW'7FFrFBvPSFfW'6'b&FW7FB&Vf&FvƖvFVBeDV&W"FW'