Food Quality Magazine July 2016 - Page 19

ISSUE 03 | JULY 2016 mation concern at least: name and address of supplier and buyer; type and nature of good received or sold, date of reception and delivery. In any case, article 18 of the EC Regulation No 178/2002 requires that „food which is placed on the market or is likely to be placed on the market in the European Community must be adequately labelled or identified to facilitate its traceability“. The management of traceability is strictly documental and basic information have to be saved for an adequate time4; however, any kind of nonconformities caused by unintentional loss of track, that is an information relating to a particular step of the production process, are not necessarily a deviation from critical limits (Federalimentare 2004). Beside legal requirements, each company can create and implement a personal and detailed system5 to improve the “internal traceability” which allows the reconstruction of the path followed by a single raw material or product inside the factory, in order to ensure the integrity of their traceability systems (Food Marketing Research and Information Center 2008). Incoming raw materials and traceability systems in the cheesemaking fields Traceability systems should be reliable and be based on the use of ‘easy-friendly’ procedures. In particular, the management of information relating to incoming materials is a critical step of the whole procedure. Moreover, it may concern the safety of foods in many ambits, including the notification of alerts and information Food Quality Magazine by means of the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (Parisi et al. 2016). For these reasons, some key data should be preliminarily identified. into account simply these three types of cheese ingredients, the list of useful data would at least include the following parameters: In detail, the situation of dairy industries and cheesemakers may be considered a good example: the traceability procedure should identify a two-directional flow of information from raw materials to the finished product and vice-versa. The nature of the information flow may concern a large amount of products and food typologies in the main group of cheeses, including (Parisi 2002; Parisi et al. 2009): a) Name of the product. This name may vary in spite of the clear statement of the goods: cow’s milk curd, butter, or rennet casein. For this reason, the reliable identification of the good should be carried out with the exact name or brand of the product. As an example, certain curds are named on the basis of their “fat matter on dry content” amounts (45, 48 %, etc.) a) Cow’s milk curd, butter, and rennet casein, when speaking of raw materials b) Mozzarella cheese, melted (analogous) cheeses and dairy preparations (processed cheeses with vegetable oils). This paper concerns exclusively raw materials and their role in the traceability. As a result, a good procedure should at least consider the role of materials such as cow’s milk. However, many industrial companies are accustomed to buy and use pre-curdled milks, the so-called “cow’s milk curds”. These products, easily transformed in semi-hard or soft cheeses via stretching in hot water forming, possible seasoning (and other superficial treatments) and final packaging, are one of the main ingredients in certain automated plants (Parisi 2002). In addition, a key role in different cheesemaking industries is played by butter and rennet caseins, milk derivatives (Parisi 2006). Should the traceability system take b) Name of supplier (initial producer and import-export representative), or the clear indication of the identification and health mark c) Lot, or batch, and expiration date d) Date of reception of goods. This date is linked with the identification و[H\Hو[ [[XKH[ܝ[ ]ˊH]BXH[Y][ۘ[Y[[ۈق\\]Z[X\H]X[]B[HX[\JHH]Y[HوHX\[ۈقˈ\]Y[H[HH[\B[XH܈HۜYۛY[HX\H[\][ۘ[8'۝[[ۂ\X\[\\\]x'H TB[ܝ[ ]\\H\H[[ݚ\[ۜ]\[[XZ[قX\8'&\Z[\'K\YܙKH[]X[۝و[[H[[YYX]H[[\\قY[[ۙY]H [\\\ۈ]HX[]\HوH\X][HYYY ܈\\KYH[ܛX][ۂ]\HY[[ۙY]H]\X[[Z\[ۈ\[X\Y[[\[Y[[UHY[][ۈ ŽLǨ LJHۈHXXX[]H\]Z\[Y[]HPYˈ M ̌ [\Xوو[[X[ܚY[BY[][ۈ\Y\Y[Y\8'[\Y[\YX'H[\XH JHوHPYˈŽ Ľ ]\\HX۝Z[Xو[ܚY[]\]\YXو[[X[ܚY[[\ۜY\XH[\[Y[][ۈ\]HHUHY[][ۈ M̌ L\Y\H\]Z\[Y[˜ۘ\[ޙ[و[[X[ܚY[[[Y܈[X[ۜ[\[ۋ܈YH\\و[Kˈ[X\HHY\X]^HۈXYX\\˂B\H\[\[H[\H[ݚYH\[X[[ܛX][ۈ\Xܙ[]\وX]XXYBوHZ[[\]][K^H[HY[Y[[\HH[ܙHX\][HXۜX[ۈوHX]\X[˜[[XHH[\YXH]X]\X[\Y [XH\JK‚NB