Food Quality Magazine July 2016 - Page 18

ISSUE 03 | JULY 2016 Food Quality Magazine Traceability in the Cheesemaking Field. The Regulatory Ambit and Practical Solutions Ignazio Mania1, Caterina Barone2, Giorgia Caruso3, Amélia Delgado4, Maria Micali5, Salvatore Parisi6 Gambino Industrie Alimentari, Carini, Italy; 2 Associazione “Componiamo il Futuro” (CO.I.F.) Palermo, Italy; 3 Industrial Consultant, Palermo, Italy; 4 Food Safety Consultant, Lisboa, Portugal; 5 Food Hygiene Consultant, Messina, Italy; 6 Industrial Consultant, Palermo, Italy 1 Abstract Traceability systems have become a primary tool for the protection of EU consumer‘s safety as they can efficiently control each step of the food supply chain, by helping operators or authorities to withdraw or recall unsafe products. The aim of this paper is to highlight the liability of stakeholders with regards to safety and quality along the supply chain. Starting from the Regulation (EC) No 178/2002, the paper firstly analyzes the regulatory framework of any kind of food traceability system, providing a clear view about the scope of article 18. The situation of dairy industries and cheesemakers may be a good example: reliable traceability procedures should concern five different types of data when speaking of the identification of raw materials, in particular (cow’s milk curd, butter, and caseins). This approach would reduce the time for data collection and records, with the aim of excluding easily a recall or a withdrawal procedure. Traceability in the European Union. An overview The free movement of goods among European Union‘s Countries has progressively turned the entire food supply chain into a globalised and interdependent network. The main feature of this matrix is undoubtedly the necessity to guarantee food quality and safety as a priority issue for consumers and authorities (Pisanello 2015) in the European Union (EU). At the same time, the awareness of the need of a „risk-management tool which allows food operators or authorities to withdraw or recall1 products which have been identified as unsafe“ is raised (European Communities 2007). The above mentioned needs have transformed traceability2 in one of the central pillars of the EU food safety policy as a mean of sharing responsibilities between interested stakeholders in the supply chain. A specific - and compulsory - definition of traceability in food supply chain is provided by the EC Regulation No 178/2002 which defines it in the article 18 as „the ability to trace and follow a food, feed, food-producing animal or substance intended to be, or expected to be incorporated into a food or feed, through all stages of production, processing and distribution“ (European Parliament and Council 2002). The first subparagraph of article 18 provides th HXYقXXX[]HY[YZ[HؚXوX[ۈ[H\ۜXB\Y\\[\]ܜZ[[۝X][]\Y\˜[ۙH[\HX[ۈZ[[X\HX[ۋ\[[\X][ۊK[\^KXX\[\\]܈ HXY\H[[Y\HوHZ[Xܙ[HXۙ\Yܘ\وHPY[][ۈ M ̌ HXX[]\HXBXZHH[XXHY[YX][ۈ][HXYYYYHوHZ[]\X[[][]Y\ H\HHX]\X[YHH ۙ\\XH[\HHX˜\H[ ۙK\\ܝ\ K]^X]Y\[HXXX[]KHXݙHY[[ۙYY[][ۂ\]Z\\ۛH[\ܝ[X[]Y\ Y\[[Y[\H K]\HXHY[YH[B\ۈH\Y[\YYH[ ]H[YH[YKH\\[\\X\X]HY[\YY ]H^\[ۈقH[[ۜ[Y\K\H\[œ\ܚ\[ۈX]HY[ۈقXYXYX[ KˈܘYHو[Y\X[[X\N[X HXBوHZ]XHXܙY\[\›YH[\\Y\Y\˂H؛Y][ۈ\[XY^\Y[\\و\[ Y\[[Y[\H KH\ۜXH\Y\Y\\وHY\\YY ]\HXHݚYHB\[X[[ܛX][ۜX]Z\\Y\[[\H\][]]ܚ]Y\ۈ[X[ \H[܋BHYH]][\[\Z[HH\[HۛHYHX\XXYHۜ[Y\Y] \\KHۛH\H\HXX[X[Y\YX][ۈوHۜ[Y\Y[\ܙHX\[\[X\\˂HY\[H]Y[X[[X[[H\ܚXY X[ ܈X[ܝ\ H\H\XHXH\X[HۜX[N[H\]܈Y\[۝X]]X [XXYBوHX[ۈZ[]\X]HXYX[][[ܛX][ۜˈX[ ܈X[XH\H]\H\][[XH][\HXY[ܛX][ۈ X\][\X\[[ܛX][ۈ[\  KBN