Flashmag Digizine Edition Issue 96 August 2019 - Page 16


Flashmag August 2019 www.flashmag.net

of the world and find a partner, some scholars believe that System 1 has also allowed religions to evolve and perpetuate themselves.

System 1, for example, makes us instinctively ready to see vital forces - a phenomenon called hypersensitive agency detection - wherever we go, whether they are present or not. Millennia ago, this trend has probably helped us avoid hidden dangers, such as lions squatting in the grass or venomous snakes hidden in the bush. But it has also made us vulnerable to the inference of the existence of invisible agents; it could take the form of a benevolent god watching us, of an unsatisfied ancestor punishing us by a drought, or of a monster hidden in the shadows.

Likewise, System 1 encourages us to see things in a dualistic way, which means that we have trouble conceiving the mind and the body as one unit. This tendency is apparent early in young children. Regardless of their cultural context, humans tend to believe that they have an immortal soul, that their essence or personality existed somewhere before birth and will continue to exist. This arrangement is easily assimilated to many existing religions where, a little creativity added, lends itself to the development of original constructions. However, it is important to note that the existence of this innate propensity to religiosity is not always a view of the mind for the believer who sometimes can find adequate answers in the practice of his religion without knowing how his prayers were answered , just as in science or mathematics a conjecture, is a real fact that one cannot unfortunately prove by a mathematical formula, but which the result is always known without explanation, a bit like in the religious faith, where the believer knows that God exists, even though he cannot always prove it.

It also happens that science tends rather to prove the existence of God. Dr. Penfield, pioneer in the field of advanced surgery, had expanded the methods and techniques of brain surgery. His scientific contributions to neural stimulation extended to a variety of topics, including hallucinations, illusions,

and déjà vu. A believing Scientist, he was one of those who, after the principle of belief in the omnipotence of the science of the ages of light and the industrial revolution, thought that science was only a tool for explaining things often more powerful than science. Also, he devoted much of his thought to mental processes, including the contemplation of the existence of a scientific basis that could prove the existence of the human soul. "

The human soul can in many cases be confused with human consciousness and reasoning. This notion is reproduced in computer technology, by what is commonly called software, which are programs that are strictly composed following a certain logic, to perform tasks. Similarly, the human uses his brain and consciousness to think of the facts and actions that his body performs.

The main peoples responsible for the application of religion to technology were the monastic orders, for whom work was already another form of prayer and worship. This was especially true for Benedictine monks. In the sixth century, practical arts and manual labor were taught as essential elements of monastic devotion, for the goal of all times was the pursuit of perfection. Manual labor was not an end in itself, but was always done for spiritual reasons. The mechanical arts and technology were easily integrated into this program and were also invested with a spiritual purpose.

The creation of works from the mind emphasized the divine essence. according to the dominant patristic theology, humans were divine only by their spiritual nature. The body was weak and sinful, so redemption could only be achieved by transcending the body. Technology provided a means to achieve this by enabling a human being to achieve far more than what was physically possible. Technology was declared by the Carolingian philosopher Erigena (who coined the term artes mechanicae, mechanical arts) as part of the original endowment of humanity from God, and not as a product of our last fallen state. He believed that the arts are "the bonds of man with the Divine [and] that they cultivate them as a means of salvation". Through efforts and studies, our powers prior to the decadence of the original sin, could be regained and we would be well on the path of perfection and redemption.