Flashmag Digizine Edition Issue 107 July 2020 - Page 108


Flashmag July 2020 www.flashmag.net

At the instigation of the Nancy School, led by Hippolyte Bernheim, hypnotic suggestion serves as a model for thinking and explaining the social bond. Finally, hypnosis becomes a spectacular object in its own right. One of the stars of theatrical hypnotism is Donato, whose shows run across Europe.

We would never stop providing evidence of the spread of hypnosis to all strata of society. But what is hypnosis then? It is in fact less medicine, which uses it to explain and try to cure, than the world of entertainment which provides the paradigm for the action of hypnosis in the early twentieth century. It is mainly perceived as the action of an individual endowed with exceptional capacities in front of an assembled crowd, ready to be fascinated. The dual relationship between a magnetizing man and a magnetized woman, which was common at the end of the 18th century, was replaced by the grip of a chief on a mass, in a vertical social engineering project of crowd domination. through the master hypnotist.

This is how Freud understands and analyzes hypnosis in a 1921 text, "Collective psychology and analysis of the self":

through his processes, the hypnotist awakens in the subject, part of his archaic heritage which has already manifested itself in the attitude towards parents, and especially in the idea that one had of the father: that of '' an all-powerful and dangerous personality, towards whom one could only behave in a passive and masochistic manner, before which one had to completely renounce one's own will and whose gaze one could not face without showing of a culprit audacity

According to the founder of psychoanalysis, each hypnosis event is a repetition, a re-actualization of a primordial archaic hypnosis: that of the leader towards the social group, this Master and Father who controls the ideal ego, of each of the subjects of the crowd.