ALTERNATIVES INCREASE SCHOOL FUNDING There is another practical reason to adopt a researchbased alternative. These alternatives increase school funding because they result in higher student attendance and lower suspension rates. Schools implementing alternative strategies, such as SWPBIS, have shown that minimal or negligible upfront costs for implementation result in great benefits, including cost savings and funding increases, over time, as attendance and achievement rates improve and outof-school suspensions decrease. 1. Pioneer High School in Woodland School staff and parents implementing SWPBIS for more than three years reported increased funding of $97,200 in the first year of implementation. Average Daily Attendance (ADA) is up: • 30 more students attending daily, based on 95.46% for 2011-12 school year, up from 93.52% the previous year • ADA funds received = $97,200/year ($18/ student/day) Suspensions are down: • 65% reduction in suspensions: 2.2 days of suspension assigned per day of school in 20112012 school year to date, down from 6.3 days in the prior year • This constitutes $13,284 of the $97,200 ADA cost savings Garfield High School School staff and parents have been implementing SWPBIS since the 2009-10 school year and, in one year, implementation resulted in increased funding of $363,216.1 Average Daily Attendance (ADA) is up: • 69 more students attending daily, based on 94.68% ADA for 2010-11 school year, up from 92.32% prior to implementation • ADA funding increase = $363,216/year Suspensions are down: • Suspensions virtually eliminated: Only one suspension in 2010-2011 school year, down from 510 suspensions in the year prior to implementation • This reduction constitutes $14,769 of the $363,216 ADA funding increase School costs were negligible to non-existent and district costs were relatively small A team of administrators and teachers attended district training on implementing SWPBIS under Los Angeles Unified School District’s discipline policy. Using existing staff, the team trained the rest of the staff and implemented SWPBIS with no additional funding. Academic Performance is up: 720 API score in 2010-11, a gain of 48 points from the prior year; 741 API 2011-2012, a gain of 21 points Start-up costs were minimal and finite To obtain these results, Pioneer High used $30,000 in 2009-10 and $40,000 in 2010-11. Because Pioneer High built capacity among its existing staff, it anticipates no additional expenditures moving forward. 82 How we can fix school discipline 1 Estimated cost savings are based on $30.08/day lost for each suspension averted, by comparing actual number of suspensions in 2010-11 with expected number of suspensions if suspension rate remained the same as in 2008-09.