FUNDING SOURCES FOR BEST PRACTICES AND DISCIPLINE There are a number of federal and state funding sources available to support the implementation of alternatives to suspension and expulsion. Here are some of these sources. FEDERAL FUNDING SOURCES INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES EDUCATION IMPROVEMENT ACT The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the primary federal program that authorizes state and local aid for special education and related services for children with disabilities. The California Department of Education distributes federal IDEA funds to local educational agencies (LEAs). A portion of the total federal allocation may be reserved for discretionary purposes. Additionally, up to 15% of IDEA special education funds may also be used to support early intervening services for low achieving and at-risk students, such as providing training and development of PBIS and response to intervention (RTI).80 For an example of a district using IDEA funding to institute SWPBIS, see the Pioneer High School highlight. TITLE I, PART A Title I, Part A federal funds help to meet the educational needs of low-achieving students in California’s highest-poverty schools by supporting effective, research-based educational strategies that close the achievement gap between high-and lowperforming students. Alternatives to suspension and expulsions such as PBIS and RJ are such proven and research-based strategies that can close the achievement gap.81 For an example of a school and a district using Title I funds for PBIS see the Garfield High School and Vallejo City Unified highlights in this toolkit.