suspensions for willful defiance and disruption, and take additional steps to ensure African American and other disproportionately impacted students receive all other means of correction prior to removal. The implementation process is still in the beginning stages. We are at the table with the District, pretty much every week, with our sleeves rolled up. What advice do you have for other community organizations that want to advocate for a similar alternative discipline policy? Monitoring implementation is the key. The role of community and students is essential. To create a sustainable program and not just a temporary grant funded initiative, you must include all the stakeholders from district and school administration, parents, students, school support staff, and teachers. Everyone must be at the table and stay at the table, engaging in honest conversation about racial bias and what is working and what isn’t working. Why did San Francisco Unified adopt the Restorative Practices resolution? Kerri Berkowitz, MSW, PPSC, Former Restorative Practices Coordinator: The resolution was adopted primarily to address the increasing numbers of suspensions and expulsions in our district and to address the disproportionate numbers of African American and Latino students who were being suspended. How much did it cost to begin implementing Restorative Practices in your district and how does the district pay for it? In March 2004, San Francisco voters approved the ballot initiative, Proposition H that established the Public Enrichment Education Fund (PEEF). The PEEF budget provided money for social workers, student wellness, sports, and violence prevention. Initially, each school received some portion of the violence prevention monies to fund their choice of violence prevention programs or activities. When the resolution was passed in 2009, those funds were refocused towards implementing Restorative Practices. Currently, we budget approximately $600,000 for restorative practices. This paid the salaries of my team – three restorative practices 36 How we can fix school discipline coaches and me and all of our training materials and expenses. We also use these funds to pay stipends for RP Site Leaders from participating schools, substitute coverage for school site staff attending our centralized trainings, and extended hour pay for school teams meeting about RP after school hours. Our initial training and consultation with the International Institute of Restorative Practices (IIRP) cost about $2,00037 per day, plus travel costs of the trainers. During one day of training, IIRP consultants trained about 40-45 people. In fifteen days of training over the course of our first half year, IIRP trainers trained about 351 administrators, counselors and other support staff. They also provided trainings for all of the staff (350-360 people) at our three demonstration schools through their Safer Saner Schools program for $75,000 per school. That price includes follow-up trainings and coaching for two years. Additionally, through the Middle School Counseling Grant, a state funded grant for which we applied38, we partnered with Educators for Social Responsibility, an organization that provides professional development on classroom management through a restorative practice lens. With the counseling grant, we were able to provide training for about 120 people and an additional half-time social worker or counselor to increase the student support services offered and support the implementation of RP in the participating middle schools. IIRP provided us with a solid foundation. We now provide our own trainings and implementation support. How are you continuing Restorative Practices work in your school district? We are continuing to offer centralized trainings in Restorative Practices to the schools that are interested in implementing RP whole-school. We support RP School Site Leaders through a monthly Professional Learning Community and introduced a Whole-School Implementation guide to support schools in their implementation efforts. We offer introduction presentations to schools in their early 37 Prices will vary per school district or school site. To get a quote for your school district or site, contact John Bailie, Director of Continuing Education at IIRP. His contact information can be found in the contact pages. 38 This program is now an unrestricted categorical program open to entities that applied and received funds during the 2007-2008 and 20082009 school years.