Fix School Discipline Toolkit for Educators - Page 15

School-Wide Positive Behavioral Intervention and Support (SWPBIS) INTENSIVE TARGETED FEW SOME PBIS OF CONTINUUM SUPPORT FOR ALL 2. Prevention • Defining and teaching a common set of positive behavioral expectations throughout the school, • Acknowledging and rewarding expected behavior, and • Establishing and using consistent consequences for problem behavior. 3. Multi-tiered Support UNIVERSAL ALL STUDENTS What is SWPBIS? SWPBIS is a comprehensive and preventative approach to discipline. The main goal of SWPBIS is to decrease unwanted student behavior in schools and classrooms and to develop integrated networks that support students and adults at the school, classroom, family, and individual student levels. Under SWPBIS, serious behavior problems and overall school climate improve because faculty and staff actively teach positive behavior, through modeling expected behavior and rewarding positive behaviors, such as academic achievement, following adult requests, and engaging in safe behavior. The overarching and continuous goal of SWPBIS is to establish a positive school and classroom climate, in which expectations for students are predictable, directly taught, consistently acknowledged and actively monitored.31 What are some of the key features of successful SWPBIS policy? 1. Focus on specific behavioral expectations and rewarding youth for desired behavior 31 Adapted from Osher, D., Bear, G.G., Sprague, J.R., Doyle,W. (2010), How can we improve School Discipline; Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (2012), What is Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, • Primary or Universal Intervention: school-wide support and positive behavior instruction for all students, • Secondary or Targeted Interventions: support catered to students who are at risk, and • Tertiary or Intensive Intervention: intensive support focused on students who are the most chronically and intensely at risk of anti-social behavior 4. Data-based Decision Making • Collecting and recording when, where, why, and to whom suspensions are given in order to make smart decisions about resources and assistance What does SWPBIS look like in a school? SWPBIS emphasizes uniform and continuous instruction for all students concerning desired and expected social behaviors. All classrooms in SWPBIS schools have the same set of common classroom-level rules and positive reinforcement systems that are consistent with the school-wide plan Behavioral problems that are handled in the classroom versus those that are handled by administrators with higher level interventions are clearly defined Data on patterns of problem behavior are regularly summarized, presented, and discussed at faculty meetings and new strategies utilized 13