Fix School Discipline Toolkit for Educators - Page 10

PULLING IT TOGETHER: BUILDING A SUPPORTIVE SCHOOL INTEGRATING BEST PRACTICES Alternatives to school removals are being implemented with more success and frequency throughout California. A number of schools have started taking a multi-faceted approach, utilizing multiple research based strategies while adding community partnerships and mental health services to the framework. To ensure fidelity for each research-based strategy it is critical to map out a plan in advance. In general, the tiered framework utilized for School-Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (or Behavior Responsive to Intervention) provides the structure for layering strategies. The plan needs to be explicit about teaching the way school culture transformation approaches, such as Restorative Practices (RP) and School-wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS), intersect as well as how they may be in tension. SOCIAL EMOTIONAL LEARNING (SEL) MENTAL HEALTH Real Life Examples Leataata Floyd Elementary School has implemented the SWPBIS framework, an SEL curriculum and restorative community building circles. At Leataata Floyd, SWPBIS is used as a framework to put every student and staff member on the same page about school expectations, to make decisions POSITIVE BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS AND SUPPORT (PBIS) RESTORATIVE JUSTICE IMPLICIT BIAS • Wraparound services • Individual planning • Intensive intervention planning for staff member, including counseling and peer/ principal scaffolding • Targeted social skills instruction • Group counseling/ support groups • Coordinated referral process/progress monitoring • Check-in/check-out • Social/academic instructional groups • Peer jury • Conferencing problemsolving circles • Individual action planning • Regular professional development • SEL curriculum • School climate assessment • Mental health screening • Prevention/Wellness promotion • School-wide behavioral expectations • Positive behaviors acknowledgement • Data planning • Circles • Restorative chats • Data-based planning • Whole staff training on eliminating implicit racial (and other) bias • Data-based planning • Individual social skills instruction Tier 2 Selective Tier 1 Universal 8 The graphics below and on the facing page conceptualize the multifaceted approaches to improving school climate using the multi-tiered intervention structure of SWPBIS. Tier 1 is the foundation of a strong school culture, effective models focus on explicit teaching of positive behavior and social emotional skills and focus on relationship building for all students and staff. Tier 2 addresses students with “at- risk” behavior. Tier 3 focuses on students with “high risk” behavior. • Family group counseling • Community conferencing • Crisis counseling • Individual support teams/plans Tier 3 Intensive School and district leadership charged with implementation must also develop an integrated approach for training and support. Teachers and administrators will need to receive complete training on each research-based strategy. And, each training must also make explicit the connections and tensions between the different strategies and the practicalities of how to utilize them in class, in the hallways, and throughout the school day. While central district or on-site staff providing coaching and support can specialize in one approach, they should be trained in all strategies utilized, so that they can support all facets of the integrated approach. How we can fix school discipline