First American Art Magazine No. 22, Spring 2019 - Page 99

COLLECTIONS Philbrook received a second major gift in 1947. Roberta Campbell Lawson (Delaware, 1878–1940), granddaughter of Chief Charles Journeycake (Delaware- Wyandotte, 1817–1894), amassed a collection of 200 items of clothing, cere- monial items, and cultural arts. Also during this decade, the University of Tulsa transferred its hold- ings of Native American cultural arts to Philbrook. These items of clothing and wearable arts had been collected by settlers. 4 The university intended to build a campus museum for their care and display but never raised the funds to do so, and in 1995 ownership was formally transferred to Philbrook. The Native American collection has been enriched by additional acquisitions. Philbrook hosted its well-known Indian Annual exhibition from 1946 to 1979. This prestigious event provided a critical space for Indigenous artists and the public to see what other living Native artists, particu- larly painters, were creating around the country. It was also a place to network and share information. Over the exhibition’s 33-year run, Philbrook purchased 297 works from this competition. 5 The Indian Annual is often credited with changing perceptions of Indigenous art from strictly baskets and weavings to include more modern and nonrepresentational works 4. These include Daniel E. Soper, Ellis Clark Soper, Bright Roddy, and Alice Mary Robertson. 5. Purchases were made unevenly; the museum bought 39 works the first year, but nothing in 1961 or 1965. right, top Sarah Hunter (Panamint Shoshone, 1883–1967), Pictorial Bowl, ca. 1910, white willow, redbud, juncus, bulrush, flicker quills, 8½ × 23 in., collection of the Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, Oklahoma, gift of Clark Field, 1949.4.5. right, below Woodrow Crumbo (Citizen Potawatomi-Muscogee, 1912–1989), Burning of the Cedar, 1947, egg tempera on muslin, 83 × 68¾ in., collection of the Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, Oklahoma, museum purchase, 1947.1.1. opposite, top Identity and Inspiration: 20th Century Native American Art, June 14, 2013, to present. Installation view, Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Photo: Jeremy Charles. opposite, below Charles Loloma (Hopi, 1921– 1991), Ring, silver, amethyst, 1½ × 1 3/8 in., collection of the Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, Oklahoma, The Eugene B. Adkins Collection at Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, and the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, L2007.5499. SPRING 2019 | 97