Facts about Germany 2015 2015 - Page 89

strong increase in the volume of fluctuating new routes will run close to residential areas. wind and solar power generated. Among The grid operators attempt to take concerns other things it is about ensuring the avail- into consideration at an early stage. So as to ability of gas-fired power stations, which defuse conflicts, thought is also being given can be used as required, and which emit to laying the electricity cables in under- considerably less carbon dioxide than coal- ground cables. fired power stations. The Energy Reform requires not only the establishment of new, “green” power stations. To ensure a reliable supply, power grids have to be adapted to the new structure. To this end there are plans, for example, to add several thousand kilometres of high-voltage lines. This way electricity from wind power, which is primarily enerated in north Germany, can reach the strong economic hubs that are the centres of consumption in the south. In order to be able to accommodate the solar GLOBAL Climate study 800 scientists from 80 countries work for the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In spring 2015, the panel of experts issued the Synthesis Report of the Fifth IPCC Assessment Report. It states that greenhouse gas emissions are the main cause of climate change. Drastic steps are needed if global warming is to be limited to two degrees Celsius. → ipcc.ch power that is fed into the network from decentral sources, the regional grids also need to be expanded. Not infrequently this expansion of the grid meets with resistance on the part of the residents in regions in which the France Germany Source: Federal Statistical Office Japan Russian Federation United States China 1.0 % 2.4 % 3.9 % 5.1 % 15.0 % 29.1 % Share of electricity in Germany generated from renewable sources (terawatt forecast) 80 % 28 % 35 % 14 % 2007 2014 2020 2050 Source: Fraunhofer ISE/BDEW/BMWi Carbon dioxide emissions in 2013/worldwide share