Facts about Germany 2015 2015 - Page 58

56 | 57 FOREIGN POLICY TOPIC SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT German development policy is geared as a Global development in the coming years cornerstone of a global structural and peace will be decisively influenced by the 2030 policy to helping improve living conditions Agenda as resolved by the 70th Session of in partner countries. It aims to overcome the UN General Assembly at the end of Sep- hunger and poverty worldwide and strength- tember 2015. The 2030 Agenda will replace en democracy and the rule of law. The Federal the United Nations’ Millennium Develop- Ministry of Economic Cooperation and De- ment Goals, which defined development in velopment draws up the guidelines and con- developing and emerging nations for the cepts. Politically and financially, the main period 2000 to 2015, and indeed go far be- emphasis is on bilateral cooperation with yond them. partner countries. As part of government development cooperation, G ermany works The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable with 50 partner countries in jointly agreed Development country programmes that can involve all the various government tools for development Even though by 2015 efforts in pursuit of cooperation. Africa is a key region, but Ger- the Millennium Development Goals had many also works extremely closely with succeeded in halving starvation worldwide countries in Asia, southeast Europe, and and, among other things, improving access Latin America. to drinking water and education, almost 1.3 billion people live on less than 1.25 dollar a Germany has increased the budget for devel- day. Other problems such as the overly great opment cooperation by 8.3 billion euros use of resources, ongoing climate change through 2019. This means that in 2016 a good and the destruction of the environment, 0.4 percent of the gross domestic product will high unemployment and social inequality, be channelled into development coopera- likewise remain urgent. tion. On an international scale, the 16.25 billion dollars Germany allocates annually The new September 2015 goals are intended puts it third among the largest donor coun- to boost a worldwide change in favour tries for public development cooperation, be- of more sustainability – in the economic, hind the USA and Great Britain. As a rule, ecological, and social dimensions, and tak- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale ing the existing links between the three Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the KfW Group into consideration. From now on the idea is are the implementing organisations and for there to be a “universal” agenda, in other manage the projects in the various countries. words one applicable to all countries. The