The 2015 G7 Summit: European and global issues were on the agenda under the German G7 Presidency sive programme of measures. In addition sustainable, fair answer. In 2014, five coun- to increasing sea rescue operations in the tries, and among them primarily Germany, Mediterranean and measures to fight the absorbed two thirds of all refugees. No smuggling and trafficking of human beings, country in Europe took in more people the fight against the causes of people fleeing from Syria: over 125,000. The solution the from and irregular migration in their home European Council reached in June 2015, of countries and transit countries in Africa re-settling refugees in need of help within and the Middle East also plays a role. The the EU on a voluntary basis rather than ri- question of the more uniform distribution gidly in line with country of first registra- of asylum seekers in the EU still requires a tion, is an initial step in this direction. 2002 2004 2009 Europe gives itself a currency. In initially 12 EU member states, the cash euro is introduced; it had served as book money since 1999. The new European Central Bank (ECB) is based in Frankfurt am Main. On 1 May Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Malta, and Cyprus join the EU. Bulgaria and Romania follow three years later; Croatia in 2013. The EU presents a united front in the world. With the Treaty of Lisbon, the EU creates the office of the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. A European External Action Service (EEAS) is established.