Facts about Germany 2015 2015 - Page 47

central forum for dialogue and confidence closely involved in the destroying or render- building once again became clear during ing harmless various chemical weapons re- the Ukraine crisis. The OSCE supports the moved from Syria. Between 2013 and 2016 efforts for a peaceful settlement of the Germany will have conducted projects worth Ukraine conflict, among other things by approximately 24 million euros in more than conducting political negotiations in the Tri- 20 partner countries aimed at improving lateral Contact Group. security against biological weaponry of any kind. Furthermore, Germany has contribut- Furthermore, the OSCE has deployed sev- ed around 13.2 million euros to projects eral hundred civilian observers to Ukraine for clearing mines and caring for mine vic- to monitor the ceasefire set out in the Minsk tims, making it one of the biggest donors in agreements signed in September 2014 and this area. The destruction of superfluous February 2015, and to verify the withdrawal weapons and munition and the safe storage of troops and weapons, for example in the area of endangered stocks are focal points of of conflict in eastern Ukraine. For the purpose German policy. Conventional arms control, of preventing conflicts and promoting dem- as well as confidence and security-building ocratisation, the OSCE maintains perma- measures are of enormous importance in nent missions in several countries and, with the OSCE area. Germany is in favour of the the support of Germany, regularly sends relevant mechanisms being modernised and election observers to its participating states. adapted to meet current challenges. Commitment to disarmament and arms control Disarmament, arms control, and the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons have long since had a high priority in German foreign policy. Germany is committed to the goal of a world free of all nuclear weapons and to this end pursues a pragmatic approach. Together with the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, Germany played a constructive role in the E3+3 negotiations leading to the Vienna agreement with Iran on the Iranian nuclear programme. Germany continues to support the universality and enforcement of relevant international treaties and agreements. In 2014 and 2015 it was GLOBAL Armed Conflict Survey 2015 According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London, the past few years have seen a considerable increase in the number of war victims. The number of war dead rose from 56,000 in 2008 to 180,000 in 2014, even though instead of 63 only 42 armed conflicts were counted. In 2013, for the first time since the end of the Second World War, more than 50 million people were refugees. → iiss.org