Facts about Germany 2015 2015 - Page 44

42 | 43 FOREIGN POLICY TOPIC COMMITTED TO PEACE AND SECURITY Diplomacy, crisis prevention, and the peace- NATO. Wherever possible, Bundeswehr ful settlement of conflicts are the primary missions abroad are always accompanied by tools of German foreign policy: The posting a civilian component, such as political, de- of civil servants, judges, public prosecutors, velopment, and socio-economic measures. police officers, development workers and Missions involving armed forces are subje ct other civilians is just as much part and to parliamentary mandate and control. parcel of a comprehensive security policy as They need the express approval of a major- the Bundeswehr, the German army, partici- ity of the members of the German parlia- pating in multinational peace missions. The ment, the Bundestag, and are in each case determining feature of German foreign pol- only for the duration of one year. For this icy, close multilateral involvement, also ap- reason, the Bundeswehr is also referred to plies, indeed particularly so for the use of mili- as a parliamentary army. tary means. In principle, the Bundeswehr is deployed within the framework of collective Germany has been politically and militar- security or defence systems. As such it is ily integrated in NATO since the Bun- bound to the resolutions passed by the United deswehr was first founded in 1955. Being Nations (UN), European Union (EU), and firmly anchored in the North Atlantic defence alliance is part of German foreign policy’s DNA. Germany is or was one of the LIST biggest providers of troops for the NATOled missions in Kosovo (KFOR) and Afghani- ∙ North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), German accession in 1955 stan (ISAF, Resolute Support). Since 1990 the Bundeswehr has been involved in 35 missions abroad, of which 19 were conclud- ∙ United Nations (UN), German accession in 1973 ∙ Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), German accession on foundation in 1973 (at the time still the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, CSCE) ed by 2015. In the wake of the Ukraine crisis, Germany once again demonstrated its commitment to NATO defence. In 2015 the Bundeswehr, together with the Netherlands and Norway, helped set up the NATO Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (VJTF), which as part of collective defence and crisis management is intended to improve the Alliance’s