Facts about Germany 2015 2015 - Page 27

COMPACT PLAYERS & ORGANISATIONS Political parties Germany is a party-based democracy. Five parties are represented in the 18th German Bundestag – CDU, CSU, SPD, The Left party and Alliance 90/The Greens. There are also around 25 small parties, whose influence is limited on account of the five percent hurdle. Some of them are represented, however, in various federal state parliaments. The Social Democratic Social movements Party of Germany (SPD) is the party with the Since the 1970s many people in Germany have most members (461,000). The Christian Demo- been actively involved in environmental groups, cratic Union (CDU) has around 459,000 mem- citizens’ movements, and non-government or- bers, its sister party the Christian Social Union ganisations. With half a million members, (CSU) in Bavaria 147,000 (2014). Friends of the Earth Germany (BUND) is the → bundeswahlleiter.de largest environmental association. → bund.net Trade unions The German Trade Union Confederation (DGB) Public opinion research embraces eight individual trade unions and has Numerous opinion research institutes regularly 6.1 million members. With 2.3 million members conduct research into the political climate in IG Metall, the metal workers’ union, which Germany. Institutes such as infratest dimap, among other things represents workers in the Allensbach, Forsa, Emnid and Forschungs- automotive sector, is the single largest union. gruppe Wahlen have a particularly strong pres- The trade unions’ ideas have weight and influ- ence in the run-up to elections, but also with ence in political debates. up-to-date weekly barometers that indicate the → dg b.de general mood. Industrial federations As industry’s umbrella organisation, the Federation of German Industries (BDI) unites 36 sector federations and speaks on behalf of around 100,000 companies. → bdi.de DIGITAL PLUS More information about all the topics in the chapter – annotated link lists, articles, documents; plus more indepth information about terms such as Bundesrat, Federal Government, federal state, Bundestag, Federal Constitutional Court, Basic Law, electoral system. → tued.net/en/dig1