164 | 165 WAY OF LIFE TOPIC SPORTING CHALLENGES Germany is a country of sports enthusiasts a migratory background is still under-repre- and indeed a successful sporting nation. In sented in organised sport. the Olympic Games all-time medals table Germany, with 1,682 medals (as at 2014), The German Olympic Sports Confeder- places third behind the USA and the Russian ation’s “Integration through Sport” pro- Federation. Around 28 million people in gramme believes immigration enriches Germany are members of one of the more German sport. One of the areas the pro- than 91,000 sports clubs. Alongside their gramme will be focussing on in its work sporting duties, the clubs also assume im- in the future will be groups which have portant social and inclusive roles. Particu- previously been under-represented in sport, larly as regards youth work and integration for example girls and women. Together they reinforce values such as fair play, team with the “Bundesliga-Stiftung” and the spirit, and tolerance. Given the rising inter- German Football Association, the Federal nationalisation of the population, the work Government has also launched an inte- done by sports clubs is becoming ever more gration initiative. This finances sustain- important with a view to the social integra- able projects for integrating refugees in tion of migrants. Around 60,700 clubs have sport. These include the project “1:0 für members with a migratory background in ein Willkommen” – 1:0 for a Welcome – their teams. Overall it is safe to assume that which the German national team supports; approximately 1.7 million people with a mi- the project provides financial assistance gratory background are members of a sports to around 600 football clubs that help club. Nonetheless, the group of people with refugees. MILESTONES 1954 1972 1988 Germany wins the World Cup for the first time in Switzerland (beating Hungary 3:2 in the final). The “Miracle of Bern” becomes a lasting symbol of post-War Germany. The Olympic Games in Munich are overshadowed by Israeli athletes being taken hostage and murdered by Palestinian terrorists. Steffi Graf becomes the first female tennis player to win the Golden Slam, i.e., all four Grand Slam tournaments plus an Olympic Gold medal, in a single calendar year.