Facts about Germany 2015 2015 - Page 136

134 | 135 C U LT U R E & T H E M E D I A CULTURE & THE MEDIA Vibrant Nation of Culture ∙ Innovative Creative Industry ∙ Intercultural Dialogue ∙ Cosmopolitan Positions ∙ Rapid Change in the Media ∙ Exciting World Heritage Sites ∙ Attractive Language INSIGHT VIBRANT NATION OF CULTURE There is no one single German culture. There small and medium-sized states and free cit- are many German cultures which simultan- ies, there are, amongst other things, around eously coexist despite what are often aston- 300 theatres, 130 professional orchestras ishing differences; they are intertwined, re- (which are in some instances paired with radio pelling and attracting one another. To speak stations), and 80 musical theatres. Further- of Germany as a nation of culture in the 21st more, 630 art museums with outstanding in- century is to talk of a mature and continu- ternational collections form an unprece- ously developing living organism whose dented gallery scene. Germany is a world variety is astounding, unsettling, indeed often leader in terms of sheer variety in cultural taxing. This can in part be attributed to the facilities. The population generally welcomes country’s federal traditions: After all, Ger- the fact that theatres, orchestras and mu- many was not a unified state until 1871. Not seums are predominantly public institutions only the Federal Republic of Germany found- run by the federal states. Against the back- ed in 1949, but also the Germany that was re- drop of public budget constraints, socio- unified in 1990 has consciously upheld the demographic change and shifts in the media federal traditions and left the federal states landscape (such as digitisation) the cultural firmly responsible for cultural policy. It was system is currently in a phase of upheaval and not until 1998 that there was a minister of reorientation. state in charge of culture and the media attached to the Federal Chancellery. One of the Germany’s reputation as a major cultural effects of Germany having arisen from many nation rests on the great names of the past,